User Guide M211095en-h



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M211095EN-H
User Guide
Vaisala WINDCAP® Ultrasonic Wind Sensor
Series
WMT700


© Vaisala No part of this manual maybe reproduced,
published or publicly displayed in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical
(including photocopying, nor may its contents be modified, translated, adapted,
sold or disclosed to a third party without prior written permission of the copyright holder. Translated manuals and translated portions of multilingual documents are based on the original English versions. In ambiguous cases, the English versions are applicable, not the translations.
The contents of this manual are subject to change without prior notice.
Local rules and regulations may vary and they shall take precedence over the information contained in this manual.
Vaisala makes no representations on this manual’s compliance with the local rules and regulations applicable at any given time, and hereby disclaims any and all responsibilities related thereto.
This manual does not create any legally binding obligations for Vaisala towards customers or end users. All legally binding obligations and agreements are included exclusively in the applicable supply contractor the General Conditions of Sale and General Conditions of Service of
Vaisala.
This product contains software developed by Vaisala or third parties. Use of the software is governed by license terms and conditions included in the applicable supply contractor, in the absence of separate license terms and conditions, by the General License Conditions of Vaisala
Group.

Table of Contents
1.
About This Document Version Information. 9 Documentation Conventions Trademarks 2. Product Overview Introduction to WMT700...................................................................................... 11 Regulatory Compliances......................................................................................17 Ordering Options Measurement Range Temperature Range. 19 Heating Digital Communication Interface. 20 Digital Communication Profile Digital Communication Units. 21 Analog Output Signal for Wind Speed Channel Analog Output Signal for Wind Direction Channel Connection Cables. 24 Mounting Adapters. 24 Accessories. 25 Manual. 25 Example of WMT703 Configuration. 26 Accessories Bird Cage Zero Wind Verifier.........................................................................................27 Cables. 28 Cable Tightening Tool 3. Functional Description Operating Principle Coordinate Systems Vector and Polar Calculations. 34 Wind Speed and Direction Averaging Scalar Averaging. 36 Wind Direction Coasting. 37 Vector Averaging Measurement Methods. 38 Continuous Measurement. 38 Wind Measurement on Request. 38 Host System Connections and Interfaces.........................................................38
Table of Contents
1

Serial Communication and Analog Output. 39 Serial Communication. 40 Communication Interface. 40 Profiles. 40 Protocols. 41 Measurement and Configuration Modes Serial Interface Timing Analog Output. 43 Analog Output Types. 43 Analog Output Scaling. 45 Limitations for Output Signals Missing Readings and Error Indication Heating. 48 Heated Transducers. 49 Heated Transducers and Arms. 49 Heated Body, Transducers, and Arms. 50 4. Installation Installing WMT700............................................................................................... 51 Maritime Installations Placing WMT700.................................................................................................. 51 Unpacking and Handling WMT700................................................................... 52 Connecting WMT700 Cable Mounting WMT700 on Vertical Pole Mast. 57 Mounting WMT700 on Sensor Support Armor Cross Arm Using
WMT70FIX........................................................................................................... 60 Aligning WMT700............................................................................................... 63 Configuring Wind Direction Offset. 65 Analog Output Parameter for WMT700 in Tunnels and Cranes. 65 Installing Bird Cage. 70 Installing Bird Net Wiring Cables. 72 Cable 2 m, Cable 10 m, Cable 15 m, and Cable 26 m RS for COM with Cable 2 m and 10 m RS Cable 2 m and RS Cable 10 m. 75 Connector Signals. 75 4.10 Powering Operating Power. 77 Heating Power. 79 Upgrade from WS425 to WMT700................................................................... 82 Mounting with WS425 Mounting Kit. 83 Upgrade Prerequisites Upgrading from WS425 to WMT700......................................................... 88 Mounting WMT700 with ASOS Mounting Adapter Connection Cable Prerequisites. 92 Wiring in Retrofit Installations Powering in Retrofit Installations 5. Operation Communicating with Terminal Software. 99 Entering and Exiting Configuration Mode OPEN — Entering Configuration Mode. 100 CLOSE — Exiting Configuration Mode.......................................................101
WMT700 User Guide
M211095EN-H
2

Configuration. 101 Parameter Handling Commands S — Set Parameter G — Get Parameter. 104 BAUD — Display or Set Port Settings. 105 Wind Measurement Control Commands MEAS — Single Wind Measurement START — Start Continuous Measurement STOP — Stop Wind Measurement Diagnostics and Support Commands. 106 ERRORS — Get Error Codes and Counts 5.6.2
CLEARERR — Reset Error Codes and Counts POLL — Get Message. 107 RESET — Reset CPU Information Commands. 108 5.7.1
? — Display Command Set. 108 H — Display Help and Messages VERSION — Show Firmware Version. 108 5.7.4
WIND_GET — Get Calibration Data. 109 Configuration Parameters. 109 Configurable Data Messages Configuring Data Messages. 110 Status Flags. 113 Loading Settings from Configuration Files 5.10 Operating WMT700............................................................................................ 117 Operating WMT700 with Terminal Program Data Messages. 119 Missing Readings. 124 Error Indication. 124 Measurement Mode Commands 5.11.1
WMT700 Profile Commands. 125 ROSA - MES Profile Commands. 128 Operating WMT700 in WS425 Analog Output Mode. 128 Analog Output Settings. 128 Wind Speed Output Frequency Voltage Wind Direction Output. 131 Limitations for Output Signals Missing Readings and Error Indication. 132 Operating WMT700 with WS425 and SDI Profiles. 133 Communication Profiles. 133 Changing Communication Profile Operating WMT700 with Terminal Program. 134 5.20 Entering Configuration Mode. 135 5.21
F/G ASOS Profile. 135 5.21.1
WS425 F/G ASOS Commands. 136 5.21.2
WS425 F/G ASOS Data Message. 140 5.22 WS425 AB NMEA Standard Profile 5.22.1
WS425 AB NMEA Standard Data Message ........................................... 143 5.23 WS425 NMEA Extended Profile (v. 0183).......................................................144 5.23.1
WS425 AB NMEA Extended Commands 5.23.2 WS425 AB NMEA Extended Data Message .......................................... Table of Contents
3


5.24 WS425 AB ASCII Profile. 147 5.24.1
WS425 AB ASCII Commands. 148 5.25 WS425 AB WAT11 Profile 5.25.1
WS425 AB WAT11 Commands. 151 5.26 SDI Profile (v 1.3)............................................................................................ 151 SDI Commands 5.27 SDI Data Messages. 160 5.27.1
WS425 AB SDI Message for C and M Command. 160 5.27.2 WS425 AB SDI Message for V Command. 161 5.27.3 Requesting Cyclic Redundancy Check 6. Maintenance. 163 6.1
WMT700 Maintenance. 163 Testing Operation. 164 Troubleshooting. 167 Problem Situations Error and Event Messages Restoring Serial Port Settings. 170 8. Technical Data. 173 Measuring Specifications Electrical Specifications Environmental Specifications. 175 Mechanical Specifications. 176 Accessory List. Appendix A Command Set for WMT700...................................................... Appendix B Typical System Environments..................................................183
Appendix C Default Settings for Different Communication
Profiles ............................................................................................. 185
C.1
Default Settings for Different Communication Profiles.................................185
Appendix D Configuration Parameter Descriptions. Appendix E WMT700 NMEA MWV Profile .................................................193
E.1
Configurable Parameters. 193
E.2
WMT700 NMEA MWV Commands. 194
E.3
WMT700 NMEA MWV Data Message..............................................................195
E.3.1
Missing Readings. Appendix F WMT700 Accessories..................................................................197
Appendix G Certificate. 199
Index..............................................................................................................................201
Warranty..................................................................................................................... Technical Support. Recycling. 205
WMT700 User Guide
M211095EN-H
4

List of Figures
Figure 1
WMT700 Wind Sensor.....................................................................................12
Figure 2
WMT700 from Below. Figure FIX Mounting Kit...........................................................................................14
Figure 4
WS425FIX60-POM............................................................................................15
Figure 5
WMT700FIX60-POM........................................................................................15
Figure 6
WS425FIX60-RST and WS425FIX60.......................................................... Figure 7
WMT700FIX60-RST......................................................................................... Figure Example of WMT703 Configuration............................................................26
Figure Bird Cage.............................................................................................................27
Figure Zero Wind Verifier............................................................................................ Figure Cable Tightening Tool......................................................................................29
Figure Ultrasonic Measurement Principle. Figure Measurement Paths of WMT700..................................................................33
Figure Wind Speed and Direction Presentations (Direction Offset Is 0)....... Figure Example of Wind Direction Averaging. Figure 16
WMT700 External Interfaces.........................................................................39
Figure Configuration and Measurement Modes....................................................42
Figure Timing for RS, RS, and RS Interfaces................................43
Figure Frequency Output............................................................................................44
Figure Removing WMT700 Bottom Transportation Damper............................53
Figure Handling WMT700........................................................................................... Figure Mounting WMT700 on Side of Mast............................................................58
Figure Mounting WMT700 on Top of Mast.............................................................58
Figure 24
WMT700 North Arrow. Figure 25
WMT700 in Tunnels. Figure 26
mA Output in Tunnels......................................................................................67
Figure Analog Output for Wind Speed and Wind Speed Alarm......................68
Figure 28
mA Output in Cranes.......................................................................................69
Figure 29
WMT700 Bird Cage and Bird Cage Straps. Figure COM RS Wiring.......................................................................................74
Figure Pins for Pin M Connector. Figure Wiring of Non-heated WMT700 Versions. Figure Operating Supply Current Consumption. Figure Operating Supply Power Consumption......................................................79
Figure Wiring of Heated WMT700 Versions, Part 1............................................. Figure Wiring of Heated WMT700 Versions, Part Figure Retrofit Installation to Pole Mast. Figure Retrofit Installation to Cross Arm with Array Facing Up.......................85
Figure Retrofit Installation to Cross Arm with Array Facing Down. Figure FIX, WS425FIX60-RST, and WS425FIX60-POM.................................87
Figure Mounting Adapter for FIX, WS425FIX60 (Left, and
Mounting Adapter for FIX (Right)...........................................................87
Figure Installing with ASOS Mounting Adapter....................................................90
Figure Wind Speed Frequency Analog Output with WS425 Cable and Adapter Cable for Analog Frequency Output. Figure Wind Speed Voltage Analog Output with WS425 Cable and Adapter Cable for Analog Voltage Output.......................................131
Figure Wind Direction Voltage Output with WS425 Cable and
Adapter Cable. Figure 46
WMT700 Dimensions.....................................................................................176
Figure 47
WMT70FIX Mounting Kit Dimensions........................................................177
Figure 48
ASOS Mounting Adapter Dimensions........................................................177
List of Figures
5

Figure System Environment with Serial Port COM Only. Figure System Environment with Analog Output Only. Figure System Environment with Serial Ports COM and COM2.....................184
Figure System Environment with Backup Battery..............................................184
Figure Complete Set of WMT700 Accessories. 197
WMT700 User Guide
M211095EN-H
6

List of Tables
Table Document Versions. Table Environmental Tests............................................................................................17
Table Electromagnetic Compatibility Tests. Table Ordering Options.................................................................................................18
Table Measurement Ranges of Different Sensor Types. Table Temperature Range. Table 7
Heating..................................................................................................................20
Table Digital Communication Interface. Table Digital Communication Profile.........................................................................21
Table Digital Communication Units............................................................................21
Table Output Configuration. Table Analog Output Signal for Wind Direction....................................................23
Table Connection Cables. Table Mounting Adapters. Table 15
Accessories...........................................................................................................25
Table 16
Manual....................................................................................................................25
Table Cables. Table Factory Settings for Analog Wind Speed Output. Table Factory Default Settings for Analog Wind Direction Output.................45
Table Common Transfer Function Settings for Aout1 (WS)...............................46
Table Common Transfer Function Settings for Aout2 (WD)............................. Table 22
aout_map Values. Table Windy and x components at Different Wind Direction Angles............66
Table Connecting Cable 2 m, Cable 10 m, Cable 15 m, and Cable 26 m..........73
Table COM RS Wiring.........................................................................................74
Table Connecting RS Cable 2 m (SP) and
RS-485 Cable 10 m (SP. Table 27
Pin-Out for Pin M Connector..................................................................76
Table Operating Power Supply Voltage Requirements.......................................77
Table Heating Power Supply Requirements...........................................................79
Table Heating Power and Extension Cable.............................................................80
Table Sensor Power of Different Heating Options................................................82
Table 32
heaBMaxPower Parameter Values. Table Mounting Kits and Cable Codes. Table ROSA Cable 10 m (231425SP).........................................................................94
Table 35
Pin-Outs for WS425 Serial Adapter Cable (227569SP)...........................95
Table 36
Pin-Outs for WS425 Analog Frequency Output Adapter Cable. Table 37
Pin-Outs for WS425 Analog Voltage Output Adapter Cable.................96
Table 38
WMT700 and WS425 Analog Output Connections..................................97
Table List of Configuration Mode Commands......................................................102
Table Wind Measurement Items for Data Messages. Table Control Character................................................................................................111
Table Monitoring Items for Data Messages. Table Status Table Data Messages. Table Measurement Mode Commands. Table Required Parameters for WS425 Analog Output Operation Mode. Table Configurable Parameters for WS425 F/G ASOS Profile ........................ Table 48
WS425 F/G ASOS Commands.......................................................................136
Table 49
WS425 F/G ASOS Data Message...................................................................141
Table Configurable Parameters for WS425 AB NMEA Standard Profile.....142
Table 51
WS425 NMEA Extended Profile Parameter Descriptions......................144
List of Tables
7

Table 52
Checksum Table. Table 53
WS425 AB ASCII Commands.......................................................................148
Table Configurable Parameters for WS425 AB WAT11 Profile. Table Configurable Parameters. Table SDI Commands. Table Error and Event Messages. Table Restored Serial Port Settings..........................................................................171
Table 59
WMT700 Wind Speed Measuring Specifications.....................................173
Table 60
WMT700 Wind Direction Measuring Specifications................................173
Table 61
WMT700 Electrical Specifications................................................................174
Table 62
WMT700 Output Specifications....................................................................174
Table 63
WMT700 Environmental Specifications......................................................175
Table 64
WMT700 Mechanical Specifications............................................................176
Table Tools. Table Bird Obstructions. Table Cables. Table 68
WMT700 Mounting Accessories. Table 69
WS425 Mounting Accessories. Table Command Set for WMT700............................................................................ Table Default Settings for Different Digital Communication Profiles. Table Parameters with No Protocol-specific Default Value..............................186
Table Configuration Parameter Descriptions........................................................187
Table Configurable Parameters for WMT700 NMEA MWV Profile.................193
WMT700 User Guide
M211095EN-H
8


1. About This Document Version Information
Table 1 Document Versions


Document code
Testsetup according to
More information
Optiontemperature range
Optionheating
Optionhardware interface
Optionunit used
Optionoutput configuration
Selectionoutput configuration
Optionadapter type
Optionaccessories
Order codedescription
Aout1 selected option
Output signal
Swnddiroffset,(angle)
Parameterdefinition
Power supplywire colors
Used heating option
Heating option
Wire type/cable length
Descriptionspare part item
Wmt700connector pin
Open commandto activate the command, press enter
Commanddescription
Wind_getfetches wind calibration information.more information
S command. power must be on for at least 5 seconds after the s
Startcommand.more information
Itemdescription
Bitdescription
G command to fetch the current wmt700 parameters. disable error messages with the command s messages,0
Errors. if all values are valid, wmt700 sends the following response:0,0,0,0you can also use the g
Data message number
Ws425 and sdi messages
Parametername
Parameterdefault
Start command.to stop measurement, use the stop
Wb,wfirmware
Wf output:wff6785672109876.5432.1k99xx5.21.2 ws425 f/g asos data messagewmt700 responds to the wa
Bytedescription
Parameterdefault value
Id character
Wx command with a character fixed-length data message.character
Start command. to stop measurement, use thestop
Problemprobable cause
Error/eventcode
Parameter name
Propertydescription/value
Analog outputs for wind direction
Itemorder code
Configuration mode / measurement
Settingparameter
Start command. you can stop the measurement with the stop
Example of the command and response:
Baud........................................................................ 105clearerr
S............................................................................... 103sleep
Gget message. get parameter.........................................................104h
Jjunction box...............................................................28l



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