Study the texts given below, use additional information re- sources and deliver a report on your special field of knowl- edge. (If you specialize in other subjects see Supplement) The Nature of Law The law affects us all from the moment we are born. We may not like it, but for better or for worse, we live in a society that is bound by rules. Society, by one means or another, has developed a formal system of rules which are designed to be both observed and enforced. If an individual breaks a legal rule he or she will be penalised in someway. That is what the law is about it consists of minimum standards of conduct which all members of society are expected to follow.
67 The concept of justice lies deep in the conscience of all civilized peoples. What that justice is, however, a reflection of the customs and laws of that civilization, and derives from the morality of the people as expounded by their lawmakers. All civilized societies have had their codes of law, at least from the time of Hammurabi, the founder of the Babylonian Empire in the third millenium BC. Law is the latticework of civilization and throughout history a few outstanding lawmakers have shone forth like stars, to illumine the course of justice, some like Solomon as judges, others such as Justinian as great codifiers. Yet the thought that there can be a theory of law, that is a set of systematically related true propositions about the nature of law, has been challenged, and from several directions. None of the challenges is entirely successful. A theory of law in a narrow sense refers to an explanation of the nature