As you know the first universities were founded in the Byzan- tium in the 5 th century (in Constantinopolis and Athens) and in Western Europe in the 12 th and 13 th centuries. Since then there appeared a number of university types allover the world. Further on you will find some information about the University system in the English-speaking countries, Great Britain and the USA. It is intended to increase your general knowledge of the problem discussed. Read the text and define the basic features of each university type. Modern University System in Great Britain There are 90 universities in Great Britain today, compared within, and only 17 in 1945. They fall into five broad categories the medieval English universities, the medieval Scottish ones, the nineteenth century redbrick ones, the previous polytechnics, and finally the twentieth-century “plate-glass” universities. They are all private institutions, receiving direct grants from central government There are not very important legal distinctions between the various types of universities in the country. But it is possible to discern a few broad categories.