Since there is no full equivalence in foreign and native aca- demic degrees system, draw an approximate parallels and com- pare them. It maybe of some interest for you to acquaint yourself with the curriculum and postgraduate training programs in other coun- tries. Read the text carefully and find some differences and similarities in the postgraduate course in the United Kingdom and that of our country. Postgraduate Training Programs All further education which comes after baccalaureate can be regarded as postgraduate education. It presupposes carrying a lot of research work, acquiring knowledge of new methodologies and new trends. It may lead to either a Masters degree (a three-year program of study) or PhD (usually a two-year course of study. Postgraduate programmes are either research degrees or taught courses. Taught courses last one or more years and are either designed so that you deepen your knowledge gained from your first degree or for you to convert you expertise to another field of study. Examples of these include changing to law to become a solicitor and training to become a teacher. Degrees by instruction are very similar to undergraduate courses in that most of the time is devoted to attending lectures. This may take up the first eight or nine months of the course and is followed by written examinations. A period of research lasting from two or three months usually follows and the results of it are presented in the form of a thesis. Finally, an oral examination is held, lasting perhaps an hour or two, to test the knowledge accumulated throughout the year. Most programmes, which involve classes and seminars lead up to a dissertation.