Учебно-методическое пособие для аспирантов минск 2005



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102
Communication
Disciplinary Roots of Communication Research
The importance of communication inhuman affairs was recognized at the dawn of scholarly inquiry, when Plato, Aristotle, and Isocrates undertook major treatises on its role in politics, the courts, and epistemology. Its importance is no less evident today in the renewed attention to communication processes recently undertaken by many social sciences, as they attempt to understand the impact of communication technologies on their own practices, as well as the effects on other individuals, their relationships, institutions, and society. Communication today is abroad discipline, including scholars from academic departments of Communication, Speech Communication, and Mass Communication, as well as groups in Information Systems, Library Science, Management, and Family Studies. Communication research employs a wide range of methodologies, including all types of quantitative and qualitative social scientific research methods, mathematical modeling, simulation, and rhetorical and discourse analysis. The field has also developed methods uniquely suited to its subject matter, such as content analysis, semantic network analysis, nonverbal communication analyses, and phase mapping for the study of communication processes overtime. Communication inquiries range from the development of general and abstract theories on how communication figures in social change, to middle-range research on topics such as the impact of the Internet on interpersonal relationships, to applied research on questions such as how communication promotes learning in both physical and virtual classrooms. Significant areas of communication research include interpersonal communication nonverbal communication persuasion and social influence group communication organizational communication communication networks mediated communication communication technology and media studies health communication family communication instructional communication legal communication communication and public policy The field of communication has important interdisciplinary connections as well. Communication scholars from discipline-based departments have con-


103 ducted major research projects with colleagues from the fields of psychology, sociology, information systems, journalism, medicine, political science, and linguistics. Some of these projects have brought multiple perspectives to bear on communication phenomena such as the impact of media on adolescent health. Communication scholars have contributed their unique view of social processes to phenomena centered in another field, for example, the analysis of the role of communication in urban decision-making. As the common currency of human life, communication is often an integrating factor in interdisciplinary inquiries. What distinguishes communication research from other, similar approaches to social behavior Often there is considerable overlap, and there is a healthy exchange between communication research scholarship and that of other disciplines. Yet, while communication outcomes are influenced by a host of psychological and sociological factors that set the stage for interaction (e.g., personality, goals, social skills, contextual and relational norms, the influences of these factors frequently pale in comparison to actual communication dynamics, once people commence interaction. For example, cognitive factors are likely to exert their strongest influence early in conversations and to diminish in importance as the interaction proceeds, as communicators adjust to ongoing conversational behavior. Thus, a focus on messages and patterns of messages
is essential to understanding the consequences of human interaction and the relationship between what precedes and follows from it. Unlike most other social sciences, the field of communication has industries closely associated with it. The media and telecommunications industries
— two of the most important and fastest growing sectors of the economy in the late 20th and early st centuries — have radically reshaped traditional patterns of social interaction, work, politics, and economic activity. They have contributed greatly to the increased pace of change and to the globalization that promise to be dominant themes of the st century. The interactions between industry and communication researchers suggest significant research questions and provide grounding for many subjects of inquiry. The discipline of communication — grounded in a rich and ever-expanding intellectual tradition, generating a wide range of disciplinary and interdisciplinary research, and engaged with major industries — is dedicated to addressing critical social needs and improving lives through basic and applied research.


Белорусский государственный университет
Scan the text and find some additional information about the
As you know the first universities were founded in the byzan-
The old scottish university
In the text below an international student shares his experience
English speaking countries, especially great britain and amer-
Harvard university is the pride of the usa. like oxford and
Section ii academic degrees and
The bachelor’s degree
Since there is no full equivalence in foreign and native aca-
Research course
What qualities does research demand from postgraduate stu-
Why undertake postgraduate study
Emily wright
I don’t know what to do – this will give me more time to decide
There can be less optimistic opinions about taking postgraduate
Research the area of work you wish to enter to identify how po-
Section iii
Требования к оформлению материалов
Being a conference attendee you are sure to fill in a registra-
История и современность»,
While taking part in the discussion the participants are sup-
Below you will find the text contributed by one of the former
Check the knowledge of the topical vocabulary identifying eng-
Speak on the latest conference you’ve attended according to the
Ec-funded research visit opportunities in computational science
Short research visits
The bsu maintains close contacts with a wide range of univer-
Following supplementary documents should be included with
University of illinois at urbana/champaign
July 1990 – august 1993 european trade review –
Interests: travel, reading. jazz, tennis. personal:
Work experience:
If an applicant meets the requirements of the host university the
Every applicant is expected to draft a tentative programme of the
Study visits can be individual and those arranged as a partner-
As you have learned from the above, study visits can be ar-
Further follows information supplied by a former post-
Notes: reap
Any research visit is finalized with a report on the visit’s out-
Further you will find reports on research visits supplied by in-
Отчет о научной стажировке в университете де мино рубановой в.в.
Section vb bresearch supervision
University. compare it with what you have at bsu.
Below you will find different opinios of postgraduate students
Discuss with your groupmates the issue of a good supervisor.
Write an essay on
Kent faculty, professor eglit served in several capacities, including
Clarity of writing.
Typical sections.
Title of the report.
Examples of an introduction
Acknowledgments.
Making oral presentations
Making the presentation.
Study the texts given below, use additional information re-
Economics has been recognized as a special area of study for over a century. the term economics
Understanding history
Summary making
Now try to translate a summary of a scientific paper from rus-
Section vii
In the extraction from scientific prose given below we hope not
Complete the sentences supplying them with information on
Below find the speculations of a former postgraduate student
Summarizing translation can be helpful for you while compos-
Below there follows a summary of the research conducted in
Now speak on your research paper dwelling upon the following
What is biology?
What is chemistry
Physics what exactly is physics? what discoveries
What is philosophy
What is sociology
Journalism is information
Theories of communication
Applying theory to practice
List of abbreviations
Краткий русско-английский словарь
Л ляпсус, описка – lapse м
Ф факт – fact функция – function х
Bized http://www.bized.ac.uk/virtual/economy
Business bureau



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