Training manual July xps


What is Intellectual Property



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7.4 What is Intellectual Property
Intellectual property (IP) is an intangible form of property arising out of people’s creativity, ideas and inventions which may have valuable application in agriculture, industry or commerce. The concept of physical ownership of assets is well understood and laws exist to safeguard ownership of such property. In the case of intellectual property, rights can be obtained by the developers of the nonphysical assets, to acknowledge their ownership and to reward their efforts. As a form of property, IP has to be protected to ensure that the creator/inventor maintains the rights of exploitation. Protection of intellectual property rights (IPR) is a means to reward innovators and creators for their contribution to society through their industry and investment. This protection is, however, fora finite period of time – often
20 years. At the expiry of this period, the ownership of the IPR will return to the public domain whereby access to commercially exploit the IP will be open to anyone interested without having to obtain permission or make a payment for accessing the technology/process/information. Protection is intended to provide the necessary incentives for the generation of knowledge as well as to encourage the transfer of technology through self or third- party exploitation. Intellectual property has been described as a bundle of exclusive rights with exceptions and limitations granted by a legal process and normally conveyed through a certificate (except for copyrights and related rights. Creators of intellectual property can be individuals, groups or organisations upon whom IP rights are conferred. Consideration of IPR and developing IPR policies is a relatively new area in many
ACP universities and research stations. Ina meeting of university vice chancellors in
2002 in Kenya to develop IP policies many were initially sceptical. Many scientists connected IP to copyright and were unable to see its relevance to RD. Others


82 viewed the exercise as an attempt to control their IP. Tom Ogada, formerly head of Moi University’s Technology Transfer Office and now Director of the Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute, indicated that a major cause for concern was the issue of delaying the publication of research results for the sake of patentability’. There was also concern voiced over questions of ownership, benefit distribution, conflict of interests and commitments. To overcome these challenges IP awareness exercises were held and debates organised. A number of ACP universities and research institutes are setting up IP offices and drafting institution IP policies.


Manual contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Training objectives
Style and content of the training programme
Introduction to the trainers
Francis ouruma alacho
Professor satish chandra
Chitaku g. mucheleng’anga
Dr gregory robin
Professor keith tomlins
Course timetable
Module one writing research proposals
Value chain approaches
Table 2.1 concept note content
Expected results
Organisation
Other related
Why is it important to the scientific world – what
Practice makes perfect!!
Split into existing groups
Example of coding an interview script
Undertaking research in value chains
What is a value chain
Fieldwork exercise diagnosis of trc value chain research needs
Ideas for interview questions general
Table 5.1 criteria fora successful interviewer
Module two research methods
Informed consent
Table 7.1 selected patent applications by patent office, broken down by resident and
Source: wipo statistics database, january 2011
Module three capturing intellectual property rights
Table 8.1: summary of types of intellectual property and what they protect
Certification marks
Potato”. ab geographical indication (gi)
Plant breeders' rights (pbr)
Protection of new plant varieties
Exercise: who owns ip
Hawai’i taro patent controversy
Source: makerere university (2010) process map for to-be process – inv 1.1 protection-patenting.
Chapter ten building a community of practice
References/further reading
Research methods
Intellectual property rights
Appendix 1 understanding and using development terms
Stakeholders
Information on data
Quality assurance
Backup and security
Expected difficulties in data sharing
Preparation of data for sharing and archiving
Appendix 4 research funding bodies
African union research grant call
Bill & melinda gates foundation, usa
Gdn’s global research capacity building program on research
International foundation for science
Leverhulme-royal society africa award
Newton international fellowships scheme
Rockefeller foundation
Start (system for analysis research and training)
The africa/asia/latin america scholarly collaborative program
The cgiar research program on climate change, agriculture, and food
The food security center (fsc) university of hohenheim, germany
Third world academy of sciences
World bank – development marketplace
Appendix 5 check your proposal
It is important not to
Typical comments from evaluators of eu research proposals (corn, 2010)
Final advice from the eu/checklist
Appendix 6 course forms
Strongly agree
End of training evaluation form


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