50 1. Once a problem has been identified, e.g. carotenoid losses during processing of sweet potato, there is a need to move onto formulating research questions. 4.5.2 The research questions 1. Research questions identify the phenomenon to be studied. They help articulate ideas. They also help to define an investigation, set boundaries, provide directions and act as a frame of reference for assessing the work What Why How What if What type of When What are the potential relationships you want to explore Identifying some research questions is just the first step. You will then need to look hard and ruthlessly at each question, since the first version of a research question almost always have major flaws so will either need to be amended or changed completely. The scientific mind does not so much provide the right answers as ask the right questions (Claude Levi Strauss.