43 a) logically relating inputs to outputs to purpose to goal b) identifying verifiable indicators c) identifying means of verification d) identifying key assumptions and risks e) insetting the framework to enable proper monitoring and evaluation ME) to be undertaken during project implementation or after completion. 3.11.2 Preparation of Logframes for Project Proposals The logframe assignment is considered sufficiently large and complex to be undertaken as a separate assignment to the proposal writing assignment, but needs to be considered as an integral part of the whole research project proposal training. The logframe assignment is to help participants learn about a. The structure of the logframe b. The relationship between input-output-purpose-goal relationship c. How the verifiable indicators and the means of verification are identified and selected d. How the assumptions and risks are identified and considered e. How ME can be linked to the structure of the logframe and made independently verifiable.