3. Focus group discussions matched to profiles The sample frame for the focus group participants will be derived from public data. Numbers of focus groups will depend on geographical and other variations in patterns how quickly a robust pattern of findings emerges and the scope for identifying and convening the appropriate groups. Focus groups will involve two
115 researchers, and be conducted in the vernacular. Whether recorded or not, the event will be transcribed or documented using agreed formats and standards for handling the issue of multiple voices, interruptions, labelling of participatory and visual activities. All transcripts will be in Microsoft Word. All the researchers will be fluent in English and the main language in which interviews and focus groups will be conducted, so that transcriptions will be translated into English This will avoid unnecessary cost. During the inception Phase 2, the metadata, procedures and file formats for note-taking, recording, transcribing, storing visual data from participatory techniques, and anonymising semi-structured interview and focus group discussion data will be developed and agreed. Focus group and interview transcripts will be coded in NVivo or a qualitative software suited to the different languages.