112 Appendix 1 Understanding and Using Development Terms Understanding terms used in the research proposal call guidelines is critical to success. The definitions below and related questions have been adapted for use from the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD) definitions of criteria for the review and assessment of development assistance, and from other sources. Gender equity Differences in economic and social indicators such as income, wealth, education, health, nutrition, and access to services and resources between women and men. These differences are referred to as gender gaps. Outcome The likely or achieved short-term and medium-term effect of a research project’s outputs.