Training manual July xps



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8.7.2 IP Exploitation
Patent exploitation can be through actual production of goods and services or through licensing whereby third parties are allowed to use the patent via payment of fees and royalties to the patent holder. However, if a patent holder deliberately refuses to allow others to exploit such an invention, non-voluntary licensing could be instituted as provided for under the article A (2) of the Paris Convention. There are also national laws that may allow exploitation of an invention without consent from the IPR holder especially if this is in public interest. These situations could include national defence, national economic wellbeing or public health. The South African Patents Act 57 of 1978 provides protection to patent holders and so do the various national patent laws for Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. A patent holder would enjoy such rights of protection fora maximum period of sixteen years in the case of Zambia. However, to be in conformity with World Trade Organisation TRIPS Agreement, this period needs to be increased to the maximum of twenty years.


100 It takes three to four years fora patent to be granted and takes further time to buildup portfolio of patents and to successfully sell and manage many contingencies that can arise with technology licences. There is typically a year lag between making an academic research discovery until first introduction of anew commercial product or process based on that discovery (Mansfield, 1991 quoted in Evenson). Slow rates of technology diffusion can mean royalties grow only slowly.




101


Manual contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Training objectives
Style and content of the training programme
Introduction to the trainers
Francis ouruma alacho
Professor satish chandra
Chitaku g. mucheleng’anga
Dr gregory robin
Professor keith tomlins
Course timetable
Module one writing research proposals
Value chain approaches
Table 2.1 concept note content
Expected results
Organisation
Other related
Why is it important to the scientific world – what
Practice makes perfect!!
Split into existing groups
Example of coding an interview script
Undertaking research in value chains
What is a value chain
Fieldwork exercise diagnosis of trc value chain research needs
Ideas for interview questions general
Table 5.1 criteria fora successful interviewer
Module two research methods
Informed consent
Table 7.1 selected patent applications by patent office, broken down by resident and
Source: wipo statistics database, january 2011
Module three capturing intellectual property rights
Table 8.1: summary of types of intellectual property and what they protect
Certification marks
Potato”. ab geographical indication (gi)
Plant breeders' rights (pbr)
Protection of new plant varieties
Exercise: who owns ip
Hawai’i taro patent controversy
Source: makerere university (2010) process map for to-be process – inv 1.1 protection-patenting.
Chapter ten building a community of practice
References/further reading
Research methods
Intellectual property rights
Appendix 1 understanding and using development terms
Stakeholders
Information on data
Quality assurance
Backup and security
Expected difficulties in data sharing
Preparation of data for sharing and archiving
Appendix 4 research funding bodies
African union research grant call
Bill & melinda gates foundation, usa
Gdn’s global research capacity building program on research
International foundation for science
Leverhulme-royal society africa award
Newton international fellowships scheme
Rockefeller foundation
Start (system for analysis research and training)
The africa/asia/latin america scholarly collaborative program
The cgiar research program on climate change, agriculture, and food
The food security center (fsc) university of hohenheim, germany
Third world academy of sciences
World bank – development marketplace
Appendix 5 check your proposal
It is important not to
Typical comments from evaluators of eu research proposals (corn, 2010)
Final advice from the eu/checklist
Appendix 6 course forms
Strongly agree
End of training evaluation form


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