Protection of new plant varieties could accrue to a scientist that has created such through plant breeders rights. The conditions that need to be met are that the variety must be New - not existing on the market or in the wild It must be Distinct - distinguishable from other varieties Uniform -same characteristics at same magnitude and Must be Stable -reproducible characteristics over successive generations. Protection is fora period of twenty years for most crops. These rights may have a shorter duration in some national laws especially in the Caribbean e.g. Trinidad and Tobago, where protection is for 15-18 years. Copyright would accrue to a young scientist in the ACP states for journal articles and other written. It is not necessary to apply for copyright protection. However, institutional rules and regulations on publications have to be respected as violations may attract serious sanctions within institutions.
93 A young scientist engaged inbreeding work should always recognise the source of his/her materials used in the breeding experiments. If such materials are from communities, it would be prudent to share some of the proceeds from IPR accrued from production or sale of such new varieties, etc. ________________________________________________________________