Renesas Flash Programmer 01 Flash memory programming software User's Manual



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Renesas Flash Programmer V Flash memory programming software Users Manual All information contained in these materials, including products and product specifications, represents information on the product at the time of publication and is subject to change by
Renesas Electronics Corp. without notice. Please review the latest information published by
Renesas Electronics Corp. through various means, including the Renesas Electronics Corp. website (http://www.renesas.com). Rev. 1.00 May 2016

Notice
1. Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided only to illustrate the operation of semiconductor products and application examples. You are fully responsible for the incorporation of these circuits, software, and information in the design of your equipment. Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software, or information.
2.
Renesas Electronics has used reasonable care in preparing the information included in this document, but Renesas Electronics does not warrant that such information is error free. Renesas Electronics assumes no liability whatsoever for any damages incurred by you resulting from errors in or omissions from the information included herein.
3.
Renesas Electronics does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights of third parties by or arising from the use of Renesas Electronics products or technical information described in this document. No license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted hereby under any patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of
Renesas Electronics or others.
4. You should not alter, modify, copy, or otherwise misappropriate any Renesas Electronics product, whether in whole or in part.
Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third parties arising from such alteration, modification, copy or otherwise misappropriation of Renesas Electronics product.
5.
Renesas Electronics products are classified according to the following two quality grades Standard and High Quality. The recommended applications for each Renesas Electronics product depends on the product’s quality grade, as indicated below. Standard Computers office equipment communications equipment test and measurement equipment audio and visual equipment home electronic appliances machine tools personal electronic equipment and industrial robots etc. High Quality Transportation equipment (automobiles, trains, ships, etc traffic control systems anti-disaster systems anti- crime systems and safety equipment etc.
Renesas Electronics products are neither intended nor authorized for use in products or systems that may pose a direct threat to human life or bodily injury (artificial life support devices or systems, surgical implantations etc, or may cause serious property damages (nuclear reactor control systems, military equipment etc. You must check the quality grade of each Renesas Electronics product before using it in a particular application. You may not use any Renesas Electronics product for any application for which it is not intended. Renesas Electronics shall not be in anyway liable for any damages or losses incurred by you or third parties arising from the use of any Renesas Electronics product for which the product is not intended by Renesas Electronics.
6. You should use the Renesas Electronics products described in this document within the range specified by Renesas Electronics, especially with respect to the maximum rating, operating supply voltage range, movement power voltage range, heat radiation characteristics, installation and other product characteristics. Renesas Electronics shall have no liability for malfunctions or damages arising out of the use of Renesas Electronics products beyond such specified ranges.
7. Although Renesas Electronics endeavors to improve the quality and reliability of its products, semiconductor products have specific characteristics such as the occurrence of failure at a certain rate and malfunctions under certain use conditions. Further,
Renesas Electronics products are not subject to radiation resistance design. Please be sure to implement safety measures to guard them against the possibility of physical injury, and injury or damage caused by fire in the event of the failure of a Renesas Electronics product, such as safety design for hardware and software including but not limited to redundancy, fire control and malfunction prevention, appropriate treatment foraging degradation or any other appropriate measures. Because the evaluation of microcomputer software alone is very difficult, please evaluate the safety of the final products or systems manufactured by you.
8. Please contact a Renesas Electronics sales office for details as to environmental matters such as the environmental compatibility of each Renesas Electronics product. Please use Renesas Electronics products in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations that regulate the inclusion or use of controlled substances, including without limitation, the EU RoHS Directive.
Renesas Electronics assumes no liability for damages or losses occurring as a result of your noncompliance with applicable laws and regulations.
9.
Renesas Electronics products and technology may not be used for or incorporated into any products or systems whose manufacture, use, or sale is prohibited under any applicable domestic or foreign laws or regulations. You should not use
Renesas Electronics products or technology described in this document for any purpose relating to military applications or use by the military, including but not limited to the development of weapons of mass destruction. When exporting the Renesas Electronics products or technology described in this document, you should comply with the applicable export control laws and regulations and follow the procedures required by such laws and regulations.
10. It is the responsibility of the buyer or distributor of Renesas Electronics products, who distributes, disposes of, or otherwise places the product with a third party, to notify such third party in advance of the contents and conditions set forth in this document, Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third parties as a result of unauthorized use of Renesas Electronics products.
11. This document may not be reproduced or duplicated in any form, in whole or in part, without prior written consent of Renesas Electronics.
12. Please contact a Renesas Electronics sales office if you have any questions regarding the information contained in this document or Renesas Electronics products, or if you have any other inquiries. Note 1) “Renesas Electronics as used in this document means Renesas Electronics Corporation and also includes its majority- owned subsidiaries. Note 2) “Renesas Electronics products means any product developed or manufactured by or for Renesas Electronics.
(2012.4)

How to Use This Manual
1. Purposes and Target Readers The purpose of this manual is to give users an understanding of the basic specifications and correct use of the Renesas Flash Programmer. This manual is intended for users who are using the flash programmer in designing and developing a system that employs a Renesas Electronics microcontroller equipped with on-chip flash memory. It is assumed that the readers of this manual have a basic knowledge of microcontrollers and Windows, and some knowledge of electrical and logic circuits. Use this software after sufficiently confirming the manual of the microcontroller in use.
2. Conventions Note Footnote for item marked with Note in the text. Caution Information requiring particular attention Remark Supplementary information Numeral representations Binary ... xxxx or xxxxB
Decimal ... xxxx
Hexadecimal ... 0xXXXX or xxxxH

“ ”: Any character or item on the screen that can be selected or input

: Name of a button

[ ]: Name of a command, dialog box, tabbed page, option, or area on the screen


3. Terminology The meanings of the terms used in the Renesas Flash Programmer manual areas follows.
(1/2) Term Meaning
RFP Abbreviation of “Renesas Flash Programmer, software for programming flash memory
E1/E20/E2 Lite Abbreviation of the E, E, or E emulator Lite Tool used General term for the tool used by the customer, whether an E, E, or E Lite.
MCU Abbreviation of “microcontroller unit Target MCU The Renesas Electronics MCU with on-chip flash memory which is in use by the user Target system
User-designed board on which the target MCU is mounted Input clock A clock from an oscillator or a resonator which is externally input to the target
MCU Project file Project files hold the data required to write programs. In the RFP, a project file holds the settings related to the programming environment, such as target MCU settings and command option specifications. Project files have the filename extension *.rpj. Parameter file Parameter files include information required to program the flash memory of the target MCU, and are created by acquiring information from the MCU. Parameter files have the extension *.fcf. ID code Authentication code used in flash programming and in on-chip debugging. For details, refer to the user’s manual of the MCU. Lock bit One of the safety functions of the MCU. For details, refer to the user’s manual of the MCU. HEX file Program file without flash option data
RPI file
RPI files are image files generated by the RFP that combine usable HEX files and flash options data. Program file Program file refers to a file that contains a program to be written to the MCU. The RFP supports the following program file formats. a. HEX files in Intel HEX format b. HCUHEX files in Intel HEX format c. HEX files in Motorola S format d. HCUHEX files in Motorola S format e. RPI files in RPI format

Refer to section 1.5, Formats of Program Files.

The only supported character code is ASCII (one byte. Unicode (two bytes) is not supported.
COMx
COMx is a serial interface port of the host PC. When writing data to the target system by using a serial interface of the host PC, select COMx as the tool to be used. Any value from 1 to 256 can be specified for
x.


(2/2) Term Meaning USB Direct USB Direct is a method of writing to the MCU in the USB boot mode by using the USB interface port of the host PC. When writing data by using the USB interface of the host PC, select USB Direct as the tool to be used. FINE FINE is a single- or dual-line communications interface operating through the FINE pin or pins of an MCU. Some of our MCUs support writing via single line FINE. ID authentication mode One of the security functions of the MCU. Connection of the flash programmer is protected by ID authentication. Command protection mode A security function of the MCU. Execution of a command is restricted e.g., the execution of erase or other commands can be prohibited. For details on operations for the setting of individual security functions, refer to the user’s manual of the MCU.
OTP A security function of the MCU. For details, refer to the user’s manual of the
MCU. Access window (AW) This is also referred to as the flash shield window. The specified range is selected as the access window (and window area, and functionality in other ranges is restricted to a degree which depends on the operating mode. For details, refer to the user’s manual of the MCU. Flash options Flash options are settings which determine the state after the MCU is reset, and is a general term for settings which must be specified separately from the HEX file.


4. Related Documents When using this manual, also refer to the following documents. The related documents indicated in this publication may include preliminary versions. However, preliminary versions are not marked as such. Documents related to development tools (users manual) Document Name Document Number
Renesas Flash Programmer V User’s Manual This manual
E1/E20 Emulator User’s Manual
R20UT0398E E Emulator Lite RTE0T0002LKCE00000R User’s Manual
R20UT3240E Caution The related documents listed above are subject to change without notice. Be sure to use the latest version of each document in design, etc.
5. Replacing Terms Some terms in this manual should be replaced as shown in the table below, depending on the MCU to be used. When an RX or RX is to be used Term in This Manual To be Replaced with USB Direct USB interface mode Get Flash options Access window read Set Security Access window program When an RL78 is to be used Term in This Manual To be Replaced with Access window (AW) Flash shield window All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

CONTENTS Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 9 Features ............................................................................................................................................................... 9 Supported Microcontrollers ................................................................................................................................ 9 System Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 10 Connection with the Target System ......................................................................................................... 10 Operating Environment ..................................................................................................................................... 11 Hardware Environment ............................................................................................................................ 11 Software Environment ............................................................................................................................. 11 Formats of Program Files ................................................................................................................................. 12 1.5.1
HCUHEX Files ........................................................................................................................................ 12 1.5.2
RPI file ..................................................................................................................................................... 13 Descriptions of Functions ............................................................................................................................ 14 Main Window ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Creating a New Project ..................................................................................................................................... 15 Create New Project Dialog Box ............................................................................................................ 15 Tool Details Dialog Box ....................................................................................................................... 17 Set Clock Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................ 20 Set ID Code Dialog Box ....................................................................................................................... 20 Set Access Password Dialog Box .......................................................................................................... 21 Operating the Tabbed Pages ............................................................................................................................. 22 Operation Tabbed Page ......................................................................................................................... 23 Operation Setting Tabbed Page ............................................................................................................. 25 Block Setting Tabbed Page ................................................................................................................... 28 Flash Option Tabbed Page .................................................................................................................... 30 Connect Setting Tabbed Page ............................................................................................................... 33 Unique Code Tabbed Page .................................................................................................................... 34 Menu Bar .......................................................................................................................................................... 37 File Menu .............................................................................................................................................. 37 Device Information Menu ..................................................................................................................... 37 Help Menu ............................................................................................................................................. 41 2.5
Command-Line Options ................................................................................................................................... 43 silent Option ........................................................................................................................................... 43 Operating the RFP ....................................................................................................................................... 44 Flow of Operations ........................................................................................................................................... 45

Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................................... 54 Problems during Startup ................................................................................................................................... 54 Problems during Operation ............................................................................................................................... 55 Problems during Communications .................................................................................................................... 59 Error Messages ................................................................................................................................................. 60 Points for Caution ........................................................................................................................................ 65 Manipulating the User Boot Mat ...................................................................................................................... 65 Host PC ............................................................................................................................................................. 65 5.3
USB-to-Serial Converter ................................................................................................................................... 65 Check before Connection .................................................................................................................................. 65 Erase Chip of the RH Family ...................................................................................................................... 65 Connecting through a COM port or USB Direct .............................................................................................. 65 5.7
Auto-padding with 0xFF ................................................................................................................................... 66


Renesas Flash Programmer V 1. Overview
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 9 of 69 May 20, 2016 1. Overview The Renesas Flash Programmer (hereafter referred to as the RFP) is software that uses an E emulator (hereafter referred to as the E, E emulator (hereafter referred to as the E, or E emulator Lite (hereafter referred to as the E Lite) via a serial or USB interface to erase, write, and verify programs on a target system on which a Renesas Electronics
MCU with on-chip flash memory is mounted.
1.1 Features Writing controlled by the host PC

High-speed writing by using an emulator Simple operation for writing with a simple GUI specific to development Automatic writing from a command line Programming of a unique code to a designated area of flash memory
1.2 Supported Microcontrollers
Microcontrollers supported by the RFP are listed on the Web page at the following link http://www.renesas.com/rfp


Renesas Flash Programmer V 1. Overview
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 10 of 69 May 20, 2016 1.3 System Overview An overview of the RFP system is illustrated in the following diagram. Figure 1-1 RFP Connection Image
1.3.1 Connection with the Target System For examples of programming circuits by using the E, E, or E Lite, refer to the user’s manuals for the individual products. For examples of programming circuits using the USB, refer to the hardware manual of the MCU you are using. Examples of programming circuits by using the serial interface of the host PC are provided on the web page at the following link. http://www.renesas.com/rfp E Target system USB cable PC Target cable
+
Renesas Flash Programmer
Serial cable (RS-232C) USB cable (USB Direct) E Lite E


Renesas Flash Programmer V 1. Overview
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 11 of 69 May 20, 2016 1.4 Operating Environment
1.4.1 Hardware Environment
(1) Host PC Processor 1 GHz or faster Main memory At least 1 Gbyte (2 Gbytes or more when using bit Windows 2 Gbytes or more recommended Display Resolution of 1,024 xor higher and 65,536 or more colors Interface USB 2.0 (when using E, E, E Lite, or USB Direct)
Serial interface (RS-232C, when using COMx)
(2) Tools supported E E E Lite
1.4.2 Software Environment
(1) OSs supported Windows 7 (bit and bit) Windows 8.1 (bit and bit) Windows 10 (bit and bit) Remark For any of these, we recommend having the latest service pack installed.
(2) Software required Microsoft NET Framework 4 + language pack


Renesas Flash Programmer V 1. Overview
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 12 of 69 May 20, 2016 1.5 Formats of Program Files Fora HEX file to be readable by the RFP, it must have the correct format and satisfy the following conditions. If a program file with a non-supported format is read, an error will occur.
(1) Intel HEX format There are no unnecessary characters (including spaces) after the final record. All lines consist solely of record types 00 to 05.
(2) Motorola S format The format file ends with the end record (SS, or S. All lines consist solely of record types S to S (excluding S.
1.5.1
HCUHEX Files An HCUHEX file is required for ordering flash memory products whose flash memories are pre-written by Renesas Electronics. After being generated by the HEX Consolidation Utility (HCU), operation based on the HCUHEX file must be verified by using the flash memory programmer. The RFP handles the HCUHEX file as master data, so the user can check the settings specified for writing and option data. Some RL78 MCUs support HCUHEX files. If an MCU supports HCUHEX files, this will be stated in the user’s manual of the MCU (RX and RH MCUs do not support HCUHEX files. For details on the HCU, seethe user’s manual for the HCU or the target MCU. The HCU user’s manual is available on the following web page http://www.renesas.com/support/downloads/download_results/ods/other/hcu_gui.jsp Figure 1-2 RFP Connection Image Parameter file for the PG-FP5 HEX file
HCU
HCUHEX file Verify operation by using the RFP Send the HCUHEX file when ordering a flash memory product whose flash memory is to be pre-written by
Renesas Electronics.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 1. Overview
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 13 of 69 May 20, 2016 1.5.2
RPI file An RPI file is an image file that the RFP can generate. An RPI file combines program code and flash options data. Refer to section 2.4.1 for the generation of these files.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 14 of 69 May 20, 2016 2. Descriptions of Functions This chapter describes the window structure and functions of the RFP.
2.1 Main Window After the RFP is started, the main window as shown below will appear. Figure 2-1 Main Window
(1) Menu bar For the menu bar, refer to section 2.4, Menu Bar.
(2) Tabbed pages Operations on the tabbed pages enable controlling the RFP for writing, setting options, and soon. For details on the individual tabbed pages, refer to section 2.3, Operation of the Tabbed Pages.
(3) Log output panel The version information of RFP and the contents and results of command execution are displayed here. Caution Log entries older than the 1500th line are automatically removed.
(4) Clear status and message Pressing this button clears the contents of the log output window and the status information on the Operation tabbed page.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 15 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.2 Creating a New Project
2.2.1 Create New Project Dialog Box Selecting File
→ Create anew project in the menu bar makes the Create New Project dialog box appear. The configuration of the dialog box is shown below. Figure 2-2 Create New Project Dialog Box
(1) Microcontroller Select the type of target MCU to be used.
(2) Project Name and Project Folder Specify the name of a project which is to be newly created and the project folder which will hold the created project file. Remark Since the project name is used in the file name, characters that are not usable in file names cannot be used.
(3) Communication Setup communications with the target MCU. Tool Select the tool to be used for connection with the target MCU. Remark The usable tools may differ with the selected target MCU. Interface When this item is selectable, select the method for communicating with the target MCU. Tool Details…
Make detailed settings for the tool to be used. The tool in use and the setting for the supply of power supply are shown to the right of Tool Details. For details on Tool Details, refer to section 2.2.2, Tool Details Dialog Box.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 16 of 69 May 20, 2016
(4) Wide Voltage When Wide Voltage is selected, each command can be executed with the target microcontroller set to wide voltage mode. When writing to the target MCU proceeds with a voltage lower than 2.4 V, deselect this checkbox. For details on the wide voltage mode, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU. Remark Wide Voltage is not displayed for those target MCUs which do not support it.
(5) Connect Clicking on Connect enables connection with the target MCU. At this time, the following dialog boxes might be displayed according to the type of the target MCU; enter a value in each dialog box to continue processing to make the connection. Set Clock dialog box Set ID Code dialog box Set Access Password dialog box For details on these dialog boxes, refer to sections 2.2.3, Set Clock Dialog Box, 2.2.4, Set ID Code Dialog Box, and
2.2.5, Set Access Password Dialog Box. Caution If the connection is made with incorrect settings, the tool or the target system might be damaged. For details, refer to chapter 5, Points for Caution.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 17 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.2.2 Tool Details Dialog Box The Tool Details dialog box consists of the following tabbed pages. Select Tool tabbed page Mode Pin Setting tabbed page The Mode Pin Setting tabbed page is only displayed when the E, E, or E Lite is selected. Figure 2-3 Tool Details Dialog Box
(1) Select Tool Tools which are currently available are shown select the tool to be used. When the Auto Select checkbox is selected, the tool which is shown at the top of the list is automatically selected. To directly select the tool to be used, deselect the Auto Select checkbox and select a tool from the list. Remark For the E, E, or E Lite, the serial number of the emulator is shown.
(2) Power Supply Select the power-supply function of the tool. Select None if no power is to be supplied from the tool in use.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 18 of 69 May 20, 2016 Select the voltage when the tool in use is to supply power. For the power-supply function, refer to the user’s manual of the tool you are using. Caution Do not use the power-supply function from the tool in processing for mass-production; instead, supply power which matches the MCU’s specifications from the target system. Since the voltage supplied from the tool depends on the performance of the USB power supply of the host PC, its precision cannot be guaranteed.
(3) Setting of entry to boot mode Make settings for pins when the target MCU is connected. Boot Mode Entry by RFP” The settings of Pin Output and Pin Setting according to the recommended circuits of the tool in use are made automatically. Remark For the recommended circuit, refer to the user’s manual and the additional document of the tool you are using. Boot Mode Entry by User Manually make the settings for Pin Output and Pin Setting. Remark Boot Mode Entry by User is selectable only for the RX family however, it still might not be selectable depending on the tool in use and the communications interface.
(4) Setting of outputs Selecting Boot Mode Entry by User for boot mode entry enables the setting of outputs. The boxes set the output of the io0 to io5 pins of the tool in use when the target MCU is connected. Pin Output Selected The target pin is used as an output pin. Deselected The target pin is used as hi-Z. Pin Setting (High) Selected The high level is output. Deselected The low level is output. For pin assignments of io0 to io5 in the E, E, and E Lite, refer to table 2-1.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 19 of 69 May 20, 2016 Table 2-1 Pin Assignments for the E, E, and E Lite
14 Pins
38 Pins Pin Name -RX-
1 15 io4 2

GND
3 21 io5 4
3 io0 5
11
TxD
6 1 io1 7
8 io3 8
14
TVDD
9 17

10 2 io2 11 19
RxD
12

GND
13 9 RESET
14 5
GND
(5) Setting of RESET Sets the operation of the reset signal when the RFP is disconnected from the target MCU. Reset Pin as Low After the RFP is disconnected from the target MCU, the low level continues to be output from the RESET pin. Reset Pin as High After the RFP is disconnected from the target MCU and the RESET pin has been at the low level fora short time, the RESET pin enters the hi-Z state. This setting is used when the user wishes to operate the target MCU on completion of processing with the RFP.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 20 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.2.3 Set Clock Dialog Box The input clock must beset to suit the type of the target MCU. If setting of the input clock is required, the Set Clock dialog box will appear. Figure 2-4 Set Clock Dialog Box Enter the frequency of the input clock and click on OK. The value for frequency is entered in MHz. If you want to enter a value in smaller units than MHz, use a decimal point.
2.2.4 Set ID Code Dialog Box When an ID code has been set for the target MCU, an ID code for authentication must be entered. If an ID code for authentication is required, the Set ID Code dialog box will appear. Remark Whether or not there is an ID code function depends on the target MCU. Figure 2-5 Set ID Code Dialog Box Enter the ID code for authentication in hexadecimal notation (0 to 9 and A to F) and click on OK. Caution If the value of the input field takes up fewer than the number of effective bytes, the RFP automatically pads the input data with 0xFF after the input value. For RX devices, input the value in the order ID, ID, ..., ID. However, fora device with control code, enter the value of the code as the first of the effective bytes. Example When the number of effective bytes = 16, control codex, ID code = ID1=0x01, ID2=0x02, ID3=0x03,
ID4=0x04, ID5=0x05, ID6=0x06, ID7=0x07, ID8=0x08, ID9=0x09, ID10=0x0A, ID11=0x0B, ID12=0x0C,
ID13=0x0D, ID14=0x0E, and ID15=0x0F, the value will be ‘450102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F’. Remark The default ID code in some target MCUs at the time of shipment is all FFs. For details on the ID code, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 21 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.2.5 Set Access Password Dialog Box When an access password has been set for the target MCU, an access password for authentication must be entered. If an access password for authentication is required, the Set Access Password dialog box will appear. There are two types of this dialog box for Code Flash and Data Flash, which are shown as required. Remark Whether or not there is an access password function depends on the target MCU. Figure 2-6 Set Access Password Dialog Boxes Enter the access password for authentication in hexadecimal notation (0 to 9 and A to F) and click on OK. Remark The default access password in some target MCUs at the time of shipment is all FFs. For details on the access password, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 22 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.3 Operating the Tabbed Pages When Create New Project is completed normally, the main window of the RFP is displayed. Operating the tabbed pages in the main window allows you to make detailed settings of the RFP. The tabbed pages consist of the six listed below. Operation tabbed page Operation Setting tabbed page Block Setting tabbed page Flash Option tabbed page Connect Setting tabbed page Unique Code tabbed page The following describes the configuration and operation of each tabbed page. Figure 2-7 Main Window


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 23 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.3.1 Operation Tabbed Page The Operation tabbed page shows information on the project and flash operation. Figure 2-8 Operation Tabbed Page
(1) Project Information Information on the selected project is shown.
(2) Endian Select the endian for the data of the program file. This item does not appear for target MCUs which do not support changing the endian in the RFP. Little Set the handling of files for programming as little endian. Big Set the handling of files for programming as big endian.
(3) Program File Set the path to a file to be programmed in the flash memory of the target MCU. Click on Browse… to select a file. Multiple files for programming are also selectable simultaneously. Refer to 2.3.1.1, Selecting Multiple Program Files, for details.
(4) File Check Sum
CRC-32 check sum of the selected program file is displayed. Caution This CRC-32 is a check sum for whole of file, not for HEX data. The file check sum is different from the check sum of the one obtained from MCU.
(5) Flash Operation Clicking on Start leads to the execution of commands to handle the processing shown above Start. Information on the state is indicated with color and characters in the status display to the right of Start. For the status display, refer to table 2-2.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 24 of 69 May 20, 2016 The type of flash operation can be changed on the Operation Setting tabbed page. For the Operation Setting tabbed page, refer to section 2.3.2, Operation Setting Tabbed Page. Table 2-2 State Information Immediately after the RFP has been started or after clicking on the Clear button under the output panel A command is being executed. A command has been executed and ended normally. Processing has stopped during the execution of a command. Processing failed after the execution of a command.
2.3.1.1 Selecting Multiple Program Files When selecting multiple files, specify all desired files beforehand then press the Start button to run the actual programming. Selecting Browse… opens the Specify a program file dialog box. The files can be recorded by selecting them by mouse or by using the CTRL or SHIFT keys with the mouse or mouse and cursor keys, and then selecting Open. Figure 2-9 Program File Group Box after the Selection of Multiple Files for Programming
(1) Program Files Only the file names are displayed when multiple files have been selected. That is, the path is separately displayed. Up to 4 files can be selected.
(2) File Information The path to the files for programming is displayed. Cautions An error occurs if an RPI or HCUHEX file is specified in the selection of multiple files. An error occurs when writing to the flash area in cases of contention between the addresses of the data files for programming are in contention. The selected multiple files must be in the same folder.
(1)
(2)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 25 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.3.2 Operation Setting Tabbed Page Settings for the flash operation can be changed on the Operation Setting tabbed page. Remark Some items will not be shown according to the selected program file or the type of the target MCU. Figure 2-10 Operation Setting Tabbed Page
(1) Command Specify the type of processing that will proceed after clicking on Start in the main window. When multiple operations are specified for Command, each operation is executed from the top item in order. The following five types of processing can be specified for Command, and are described in more detail following the summaries below. Erase Erase the flash area. The range of areas to be erased conforms to the setting made with “(2) Erase Option. Program Program the flash area. The operation reflects the setting made under “(3) Program & Verify Option. Program Flash Option Set flash options such as “Lockbit”, “OTP”, Access Window, Option Bytes, and Security. The programming setting conforms to the settings made on the Block Setting and Flash Option tabbed pages.

Checksum Acquire the checksum. The checksum is calculated by the method selected under “(4) Checksum Type. Verify Perform verification. The operation reflects the setting made under “(3) Program & Verify Option.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 26 of 69 May 20, 2016
(2) Erase Option Set options when Erase is selected for Command. Erase Selected Blocks Erase only those blocks selected on the Block Setting tabbed page. For the Block Setting tabbed page, refer to section 2.3.3, Block Setting Tabbed Page. Erase All Blocks Erase all blocks. Caution Erasure processing maybe skipped for certain blocks reserved by the MCU due to security functions and soon. Erase Chip Erase all blocks and clear the flash options. Caution This processing does not restore the MCU to its state at shipment. If correct settings are not programmed for the flash options after erasing the chip, the MCU will not operate. When this processing is used on a RH family product, be sure to refer to chapter 5, Points for Caution.


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(3) Program & Verify Option Set options here when you have selected Program or Verify for Command. Fill 0xFF Select the method for handling ranges for which files have no data. When Fill 0xFF” is selected Programming The value 0xFF is programmed to bytes in ranges for which the program file has no data. Verifying Ranges containing no data from a program file are regarded as having the value 0xFF for comparison. When Fill 0xFF” is not selected Programming Ranges for which the program file has no data are not programmed. Verifying Ranges for which the program file has no data are not verified. Caution Even if Fill 0xFF” is not selected, this action always applies for the minimum unit of programming by the
MCU. Erase Before Program The range where data are to be programmed is erased beforehand if this option is selected. Caution The range to be erased depends on the minimum unit of erasing by the MCU. Verification type Select the type of verification as one of the following items. Depending on the target MCU, only one type maybe available. Verify by reading the device Data are acquired with a read command from the MCU and the RFP handles comparison. Comparison cannot proceed if the MCU is in a state such that reading is prohibited. Verify in the device Data are resent to the MCU in response to the verify command and the MCU side handles comparison. Depending on the specifications of the verify command, the range for comparison may extend beyond the programmed data, and this may lead to an error in verification if Fill 0xFF” was not selected. Verify Option Area Select whether or not to verify values in the flash option area. This item is only displayed when a specific type of program file that includes values for the options, such as an
HCUHEX file, is selected.
(4) Checksum Type Select the type of calculation when “Checksum” is selected for Command. The available types of calculation differ according to the target MCU.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 28 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.3.3 Block Setting Tabbed Page The blocks for operations can beset on the Block Setting tabbed page. Remark The columns to be displayed differ according to the type of the target MCU. Figure 2-11 Block Setting Tabbed Page
(1) Information on the block areas Information on the ranges of the block areas for the target MCU is shown. Caution Common area names and block numbers are used in the RFP; note that they may differ from those described in the user’s manuals of the MCUs.
(2) Erase column Specify blocks to be erased. When Erase Selected Blocks is selected for Erase Option on the Operation Setting tabbed page, blocks with checkboxes selected in the Erase column are to be erased.
(3) P.V column Specify blocks to be programmed or verified. Blocks with checkboxes selected in the P.V column are to be programmed or verified.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)


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(4) Setting functions in units of blocks Specify blocks for the setting of security or safety functions. While Program Flash Option is selected, the settings are only reflected in the MCU when the type of setting is enabled on the Flash Option tabbed page.

Lockbit column Select blocks for which the lock bit is to beset. A lock bit is set for blocks with the checkbox selected.

OTP column Select blocks to beset as OTP. Blocks with the checkbox selected are set as OTP. AW column Select blocks to be within access windows (or window areas of the flash shield window. An access window is set for blocks with the checkbox selected.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 30 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.3.4 Flash Option Tabbed Page The flash options of the MCU can beset in the Flash Option tabbed page. Remark Only those items the target MCU supports are shown. For the meanings and details of the settings of the individual items, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU in use. Figure 2-12 Flash Option Tabbed Page
(1) Lockbit Specify whether or not lock bits are to beset. The blocks for which the lock bit is to beset are selected on the Block Setting tabbed page.
(2) OTP Specify whether or not blocks are to beset as OTP. The blocks to beset as OTP are selected on the Block Setting tabbed page.
(3) Access Window Specify whether or not access windows are to beset. The range over which access windows are to beset are the blocks selected on the Block Setting tabbed page.
(4) Option Bytes Change the settings of option bytes. Set Option Do Nothing Option bytes are not set. Set The setting of option bytes is enabled. Enable Extended Option Bytes Disable Operations on the extended option bytes (OPBT8 and above) are disabled. Enable Operations on the extended option bytes (OPBT8 and above) are enabled. Caution Since the extended option bytes contain important settings for the MCU, take care with the data to be programmed if you enable this operation. Normally use this option as disabled unless you have a particular reason to do otherwise.


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“OPBT0

OPBT7” Enter the settings for option bytes in units of four bytes in hexadecimal notation (little endian).

“OPBT8” or later Enter the settings for extended option bytes in units of four bytes in hexadecimal notation (little endian).
(5) ICU-S Set ICU-S. Set Option Do Nothing ICU-S is not set. Set The ICU-S function is enabled. Caution Once the ICU-S function is set for the MCU, it cannot be canceled.
(6) Security Set security functions. Set Option Do Nothing The security function is not set. Set The security function is enabled. Security Mode Command Protection Mode The command protection function is enabled. ID Authentication Mode The ID authentication function is enabled.
(7) Command Protection Set command protection. No The security function is not set for the target command. Yes The use of the target command is prohibited. Caution Once the Disable Erase Command and Disable Boot Block Cluster Programming functions are set for an
MCU, the setting cannot be reversed.
(8) ID Code & Access Password Set the ID code or the access password. Set Option Do Nothing An ID code or access password is not set. Set The setting of an ID code or access password is enabled. ID Code Enter the ID code in hexadecimal notation. Code Flash Access Password Enter the code flash access password in hexadecimal notation. Data Flash Access Password Enter the data flash access password in hexadecimal notation.


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(9) Disable Serial Programming Make the setting for disabling serial programming. Set Option Do Nothing Serial programming is not disabled. Set Serial programming is disabled. Caution Once the Disable Serial Programming function is set for an MCU, the setting cannot be reversed.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 33 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.3.5 Connect Setting Tabbed Page The information required to connect the MCU can beset on the Connect Setting tabbed page. Remark The items displayed differ according to the type of the target MCU. Figure 2-13 Connect Setting Tabbed Page
(1) Communication Change the settings for communications. For details, refer to section 2.2.1, Create New Project Dialog Box.
(2) Speed Select the bit rate for use in communications with the target MCU. The available bit rates differ according to the environment of the target MCU and the target system. Caution The speed is only directly specifiable fora COM connection. Since using this may lead to the RFP being unable to detect a bit-rate error, set the speed only after confirming that it will not cause a problem. Remark The maximum rate that the E Lite can support is 1.5 Mbps. However, only rates which are selectable from the external clock of the target MCU or system are displayed for the RX family. The baud rate which was selected for the E or E emulator might not be selectable.
(3) Wide Voltage For details, refer to section 2.2.1, Create New Project Dialog Box.
(4) Main Clock Change the frequency of the input clock from that which was set when the project was created.
(5) Authentication Change the setting for automatic authentication when connecting a target MCU for which an ID code or access password has been set. When Auto Authentication is selected, the ID code or access password that has been entered is used for authentication. To change the value used for automatic authentication, enter anew value in the dialog box which is displayed by clicking on the button for changing the setting.
(1)
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(2)
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Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 34 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.3.6 Unique Code Tabbed Page The Unique Code feature is for the embedding in a specified area of a unique code for the loaded program file. The feature becomes effective when a unique code and specified area are written to a unique code file, and the file name is set on the Unique Code tabbed page. A unique code file can contain a single specification of an area and multiple unique codes, with an index for each of the unique codes. The next index will be specified when a Program command ends normally however, no index will be specified when a Flash Option Program command ends normally.
Figure 2-14 Unique Code Tabbed Page
(1) Enabling or Disabling the Use of Unique Codes Usage or non-usage of the unique code feature can beset in this checkbox. Check the box to select the use of unique codes.
(2) Unique Code File Open the Open dialog box by clicking on Browse, and specify a unique code file.
(3) Specifying a Range Specify a range of indices in the unique code file. All Obtain the first and last indices from the unique code file. This starts from the first index when the RFP is rebooted.

Continue from previous/User Specified The first and last indices are directly specifiable. Even if the RFP is rebooted, it will start from the previous point. Next Index The next index is displayed or specified. The corresponding unique code will be shown under the box. Final Index The last index of the range is displayed or specified. The corresponding unique code will be shown under the box.
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(4) Operation Setting Allow the overwriting of data When embedding a unique code fora loaded program file, this button is used to allow or prohibit the overwriting of data if the area where the code is to be embedded already contains data (contention. Put a checkmark in the box to allow this and remove the checkmark to prohibit it. Remark If the checkmark is removed, an error message is displayed and the process is cancelled, in cases of contention with existing data during embedding of the unique code.
2.3.6.1 Unique Code Files This section describes unique code files.
(1) Filename Extension
*.ruc
(2) File Format A unique code file is a text file. A file consists of a header and a code part. Write a list of the combinations of indices and unique codes after the header, which defines the location where the unique code is to be embedded. The only supported formats for the codes are ASCII (one byte) character codes. Unicode is not supported.

Comment line Line starting with “//” are considered as comments and ignored in processing. Lines consisting only of blanks are also ignored. Separating characters Tabs, spaces, or commas can be used as separating characters in the header definitions and the settings of the indices and unique codes. Header part The header part has the following definitions that are case-insensitive. Table 2-3 Header Definitions Item Definition of Unique Code Description Specifying the format format Specify the format of the unique codes.
: Hexadecimal numerals
: ASCII characters (x to 0x7e) Specifying the address address
Specify the address where the unique code is to start as a hexadecimal number preceded by “0” or H. Specifying the size size Specify the size of each unique code.
: Specify a size in bytes (range 1 to 2048) Remark An area specification (area) was necessary for the earlier versions. It is now ignored even if there is a statement in the file.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 36 of 69 May 20, 2016 Codes The list of unique codes consists of indices and codes, with only one code and index per line. Indices need not be prefixed by padding with as in the example. They are assumed to be base ordinal numbers in ascending order. Table 2-4 Code Definitions Item Unique code definition Description Declaration of unique codes header of code part) index data Declares that unique codes follow from the next line. This is case-insensitive. Indices and unique codes
Each line specifies an index and a unique code.
: Specifies an index (integer in the range 0 to 2147483647)
: Specifies a unique code (big endian format, with the format and size specified in the header) If the format is ascii
A unique code can be enclosed in double quotation marks. If the code includes a space at its beginning or end, the quotation marks are required to distinguish such spaces from separating characters. If the code itself includes consecutive double quotation marks, they are handled as one double quotation mark. Limit on size The size of a unique code file should be no greater than 2 GB.
(3) Example of a File Sample unique code file format hex address 0xf000 size 6 index data
000001 abcdef000001 000002 abcdef000002 000003 abcdef000003


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 37 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.4 Menu Bar
2.4.1 File Menu Menu items for processing related to projects can be selected. Create New Project Create anew project. For details, refer to section 2.2, Creating a New Project. Open Project Open an existing project file. Save Project Save the changes to the current project. Save Image File Saves an image file (RPI file) that is a combination of a program file and flash options. Select Save Image File from the File menu. This opens the Save As dialog box. Specify where the image file is to be saved. Cautions The program file is saved as it is. The file is not padded with 0xFF. Data which exceed the address range of the MCU in use are not deleted. Only values which represent valid settings can be saved as flash options. Exit Exit the RFP.
2.4.2 Device Information Menu Processing for device information can be selected. Caution Selecting items from the Device Information menu leads to transfer to and from the target MCU to acquire information. Before selecting an item, check the connection between the host PC and the target MCU. If a connection is not found, an error will occur. Remark Some menu items will not be usable according to the type of the target MCU. Read Memory Connect the target MCU and read and save the contents of the flash areas. For details, refer to section 2.4.2.1, Read Memory. Read Block Information Connect the target MCU and read the information on the blocks. The read block information can be reflected in the current project. For details, refer to section 2.4.2.2, Read Block Information. Read Flash Option Connect the target MCU and read the flash options. The read flash option information can be reflected in the current project. For details, refer to section 2.4.2.3, Read Flash Option.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 38 of 69 May 20, 2016 Blank Check Connect the target MCU for blank checking.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 39 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.4.2.1 Read Memory When Device Information
→ Read Memory is selected from the menu bar, the Save As dialog box will appear. Specify the file and folder where the data that have been read are to be stored. Clicking on the Save button shows the Read Memory Information dialog box. Specify the range of the flash area to be read. Remark The Motorola S format or the Intel HEX format is selectable as the file format for saving. Figure 2-15 Read Memory Information Dialog Box
(1) Area list Select the area to be read or all areas.
(2) Area information Information on the area that has been selected from the list of areas or on all areas is shown.
(3) Skip blank areas Reading of blank areas of the MCU is skipped if this checkbox is selected. Remark The size of the area for judging whether a range is blank or not differs according to the target MCU. Furthermore, in some target MCUs, selecting this option will significantly increase time for reading.
(4) Select Address Change items when only a specific range is to be read.
(5) Read Connect the target MCU, start reading the range specified in Select Address, and save the data in the specified file and folder.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 2. Descriptions of Functions
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 40 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.4.2.2 Read Block Information When Device Information
→ Read Block Information is selected from the menu bar, the Read Block Information dialog box will appear after connecting the target MCU, and information on blocks, including lock bits, OTP flags, and access windows, will be read. Note that the columns to be shown differ according to the type of the target MCU in use. Figure 2-16 Read Block Information Dialog Box
(1) Information on block areas Information on the block areas for the target MCU is shown.
(2) “NotBlank” Column Information on blank blocks in the target MCU is shown. Blocks with check marks are not blank.
(3) Information on options in units of blocks Information on the target MCU in units of blocks is shown. For details on each item, refer to section 2.3.3, Block Setting Tabbed Page.
(4) Reflecting read information Clicking on OK reflects the read contents of the checked items in the corresponding columns of the Block Setting tabbed page.
(2)
(3)
(1)
(4)


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R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 41 of 69 May 20, 2016 2.4.2.3 Read Flash Option When Device Information
→ Read Flash Option is selected from the menu bar, the Read Flash Option dialog box will appear after connecting the target MCU and information on Option Bytes and Security will be readout. Note that the items to be shown differ according to the type of the target MCU in use. Figure 2-17 Read Flash Option Dialog Box
(1) Reflecting the set information Selecting the checkbox and clicking on OK reflects the read contents on the Flash Option tabbed page.
2.4.3 Help Menu The loading of a license file and the version of the RFP can be confirmed from this menu. Import License Refer to the documentation which comes with the product for the usage of this menu item. About The About message box is opened and displays the RFP version number. Close the message box by clicking on OK.
(1)


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Command-Line Options The RFP can be controlled from a command line. The command line responds to the following options and parameters. Table 2-3 Options and Parameters Option Description Path to a project file Loads a project file specified fora parameter and starts the RFP. silent "a path fora project file" Loads a project file specified by the parameter and starts the RFP in
GUI-hidden mode. The target MCU is overwritten according to the settings for operation in the project file. file "a path fora program file" Replaces the program file specified by the parameter with a program file in the project file and overwrites the target MCU. The silent option is required to use this option. log "a path fora log file" Outputs a log of operations by the RFP to a file (text format) specified as a parameter. An additional log file is made if a file already exists. The silent option is required to use this option. Remark Pathnames that include spaces must be enclosed in double-quotation marks (“). Also, the absolute path must be specified.
2.5.1 silent Option When this option is specified, no GUI is shown processing similar to opening the specified project file and clicking on the start button once is performed. After processing, the RFP automatically exits and returns 0 or 1 when the end code is to reflect successor failure, respectively.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 3. Operating the RFP
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 44 of 69 May 20, 2016 3. Operating the RFP This chapter describes the basic operation of the RFP (the flow until a file is programmed) so that the user understands the series of basic operations using the RFP from activation of the system to programming of the target MCU. The operations of creating, erasing, programming, and verifying anew project file are explained here. The conditions for the series of operations used in the examples areas follows. Target MCU: R5F104PJ (RL78/G14) Tool used E emulator Connection method wire UART (single-wire UART) Communications speed 1,000,000 bps Clock supply No external clock (internal clock oscillator) Power supply E (5.0 V, from USB VBUS) Flash options Not used Figure 3-1 Flow of Operations Create anew project file. Open a created workspace. Use a project file you have used before. Execute a command. Create anew project file. Select an existing project file. Setup a project. Connect the host and emulator. Connect the target system. Start the RFP. Terminate the host and emulator.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 3. Operating the RFP
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 45 of 69 May 20, 2016 3.1 Flow of Operations
(1) Connecting the system Connect the USB port of the host PC to the tool you will be using via the USB cable.
(2) Connecting the target system Connect the target cable of the tool to the target system. Caution If power is to be supplied on the target system, be sure to connect the tool in use to the target system before switching the power on.
(3) Creating a project file
(1) When the RFP is started, the main window opens. When File
→ Create anew project is selected from the menu bar, the Create New Project dialog box will appear. Figure 3-2 File Menu
(2) Select “RL78” for [Microcontroller]. Enter any project name (in this example, sample) for Project Name and specify any folder (e.g. D:\rfp\sample) for Project Folder. Select E for Tool. For the RL78 family, Interface is fixed to “1 wire UART”. Clicking on the Tool Details… button opens the Tool Details dialog box.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 3. Operating the RFP
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 46 of 69 May 20, 2016 Figure 3-3 Create New Project Dialog Box
(3) Select the Select Tool tabbed page and the Auto Select checkbox. After that, select V (USB VBUS)” in Power Supply. Click on OK. Figure 3-4 Select Tool Tabbed Page


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(4) Information on the specified tool is displayed. Check the contents (in this example, “Num: AutoSelect Power V (USB VBUS)”) and click on Connect. A project is created and the Main Window is shown. Caution Clicking on Connect starts the connection to the target MCU. Figure 3-5 Create New Project Dialog Box
(5) When a project is created, the display of the main window changes with the addition of new tabbed pages. Check the information displayed in Project Information. Figure 3-6 Main Window


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(4) Detailed settings of the RFP Operate the tabbed windows to make detailed settings of the RFP.
(1) Set the Operation Setting tabbed page. Refer to Command and check that the Erase, Program, and Verify checkboxes have been selected, then click on the Block Setting tabbed page. Figure 3-7 Operation Setting Tabbed Page
(2) Set the Block Setting tabbed page. Check that all checkboxes in the Erase and “P.V” columns have been selected. Then click on the Connect Setting tabbed page. Figure 3-8 Block Setting Tabbed Page


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(3) Set the Connect Setting tabbed page. Specify 1,000,000 bps for Speed, then click on the Operation tab. Figure 3-9 Connect Setting Tabbed Page
(4) Check that the commands above Start are displayed as Erase >> Program >> Verify. Figure 3-10 Main Window


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(5) Selecting a program file Click on Browse… in Program File on the Operation tabbed page and select a program file from among those displayed in the dialog box (in this example, “C:\RFP_ProgramFile\sample.hex”). Check that the path to the program file selected in the Program File box is indicated. Figure 3-11 Operation Tabbed Page


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(6) Executing a command
(1) Click on Start to execute the commands indicated above Start. When sending of the commands is started, the Progress Report dialog box will appear. Figure 3-12 Main Window


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(2) The Progress Report dialog box shows the state of command execution. The state information is changed to Run and details of the processing are output as a log in the log output panel of the main window. When command execution is completed, the Progress Report dialog box is automatically closed and the main window is displayed. Figure 3-13 Progress Report Dialog Box
(3) When command processing is completed normally, the message Operation completed is displayed in the log output panel and the state information is displayed as OK. Figure 3-14 Main Window


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(7) Exiting the system
(1) Remove the target cable of the tool in use from the target system. Caution If VDD is being supplied on the target system, turnoff the supply power before removing the target cable of the tool in use from the target system.
(2) If you do not need to program another target MCU, select File
→ Exit and exit the RFP. Since all settings that you have made are saved in the project file, they can be reused when the RFP is restarted. When you intend to continue to program other target MCUs, connect the target system (step (2)) and execute the required commands (step (6)). Figure 3-15 Main Window
(3) Remove the USB cable from the tool.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 54 of 69 May 20, 2016 4. Troubleshooting This chapter explains how to troubleshoot the RFP. Remark If an error occurs during the sequence of a procedure, refer to this chapter and the user’s manual of the target
MCU. Also refer to the user’s manual of the tool you are using and execute diagnostic tests. If this still does not resolve the problem, seethe FAQ (at http://www.renesas.com/support/). If you are using the product version of the RFP, contact Renesas via the Renesas website (http://www.renesas.com/contact/) after writing down the PID number printed on the back of the CD case for the RFP.
4.1 Problems during Startup This section explains how to troubleshoot problems that might occur in the processes from installation to startup.
(1) When the tool is connected to the host PC via a USB interface, plug and play does not recognize the driver. Cause The USB connector might not be inserted properly into the USB port of the host PC. Action Check that the USB connector is fully inserted into the USB port of the host PC. Alternatively, disconnect the USB connector, and then insert the USB connector again after awhile) The tool is connected to the host PC but the power LED on the tool is not turned on. Cause The USB port of the tool or the host PC might be defective. Action Check the tool for defects by using the diagnostic tool for the tool in use. If you find a defect, consider repairs. If there is no defect, try connecting the tool to another host PC.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 55 of 69 May 20, 2016 4.2 Problems during Operation This section describes troubleshooting for problems that may occur during operation.
(1) When an error produces the message E There is no response from the device Cause 1: The connection with the target system might be wrong. Action 1:
(1) Check that the connection with the target system is in accord with the recommended circuits shown in the user’s manual of the tool in use. Also check that all required pins of the tool have been connected.
(2) For the RL78 family, check that the EVDD pins of the E, E, or E Lite have been correctly connected. Cause 2: The operating mode of the target MCU might be wrong. Action 2:
(1) Refer to the user’s manual for the target MCU and check that all required mode pins are being handled correctly.
(2) For the RX family, check that the settings for IO signals in the Tool Details dialog box match the wiring of the target system. Cause 3: The wrong MCU might be selected in the Create New Project dialog box. Action 3: Select the same MCU as the target MCU. Cause 4: The target MCU might not be receiving a clock signal. Action 4: Check the clock supply on the target system. Cause 5: Power might not be being supplied normally to the target MCU. Action 5:
(1) Check the power supply setting.
(2) If the power is being supplied from the tool in use, the power might not be sufficient. In such cases, supply power from the target system. Confirm that the supply of power on the target system is possible.


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(2) When USB Direct of the RX device does notwork Cause The wrong driver maybe being recognized as the driver for booting via the USB. Generic Boot USB Direct should normally be recognized. Action Install the correct driver through the following steps (Windows 7 is used in this example.
(1) When the wrong driver is being recognized, Windows Device Manager will show the following state. Figure 4-1 Device Manager
(2) When you select Update Driver Software, the following dialog box is displayed. Select Browse my computer for driver software. Figure 4-2 Update Driver Software


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(3) Select Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer. Figure 4-3 Update Driver Software
(4) The dialog box below is shown. If Generic Boot USB Direct is not displayed, use the RFP installer to re-install the USB driver for the USB boot MCU Type A. Select Generic Boot USB Direct and click on Next. Figure 4-4 Update Driver Software


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(5) Installation of the driver for booting via the USB is finished. Figure 4-5 Update Driver Software
(3) Forgetting the ID code of the RX or entering the wrong ID code Action Refer to the address in the program file at which the ID code was set. For details, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU. When the control code for the ID code is set so that the whole flash memory is erased after consecutively entering a wrong ID code three times, you can program the flash memory after returning to boot mode.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 59 of 69 May 20, 2016 4.3 Problems during Communications This section describes troubleshooting for problems that may occur during communications with the tool or the MCU.
(1) When the following errors occur while the tool is connected E An error occurred while connecting to the tool. E An error occurred while communicating with the tool. E An error occurred while updating the tool firmware. E An error occurred while initializing the tool. Action 1: When using USB Direct, Refer to section 4.2, Problems during Operation. Action 2: The tool you are using might have locked up. Try disconnecting and then reconnecting the USB cable. Action 3: The host PC might be unstable or the USB port might be broken. Restart the host PC or connect the tool to a USB port other than that you are trying to use. Action 4: On the E or E, the tool might be damaged. Refer to the user’s manual of the tool you are using and run the self- diagnostic test.
(2) When the following errors occur during communications EC Received data from the device is corrupted. EA framing error occurred while receiving data. EA parity error occurred while receiving data. E An overrun error occurred while receiving data. EA transmission data error occurred in the device. Action The setting of the target MCU might be wrong or communications might not be stable. Check the following items. Check that there is no noise on the communications line. Check that the tool in use is properly connected with the target system. Check that unused pins are being handled correctly. Confirm that the correct input clock and transfer rate are selected. Stable programming might be achieved by setting a lower value for the transfer rate. Remark Good communications may not be possible if you are using a USB-to-serial converter, a self-made cable, a self-made extension cable, or the like for connection with a tool.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 60 of 69 May 20, 2016 4.4 Error Messages This section describes error messages generated while the RFP is in use. Table 4-1 Error Messages E Message The specified program file doesn't exist. Description This error code and message are displayed when the last specified program file was not found. Specify anew program file. E Message The project file is not correct. Description This error occurs when you attempt to open a corrupted or unsupported project file. E Message No program file has been specified. Description To start processing, a program file must be specified. E Message The project file cannot be generated. Description Change the folder to a location to which the project file can be written. E Message The project file pathname exceeds 260 characters. Description The pathname exceeds the available number of characters. Change the project name or the location. E Message The project file name or location is not correct. Description Change the project name or the location. E Message The specified crystal frequency is out of range. Valid values are between xxx and xxx. Description The value entered exceeds the valid range. Refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU and enter a correct value. E Message The input is not correct. Description The value entered is wrong. Enter the value again in the correct format. E Message There is no flash operation specified under "Command" on the "Operation Setting" tabbed page. Description Select one or more commands on the Operation Setting tabbed page. E Message No blocks have been selected for the current operation. Description Check one or more blocks for the operation on the Block Setting tabbed page. E Message No flash options have been set. Description There are no target options when flash options are to be programmed. Change at least one setting to Seton the Flash Option tabbed page. E Message The parameter file is not correct. Description The project might have been damaged. E Message The program file is not correct. Description This error occurs when a program file that is corrupted, is in a non-supported format, or contains entries in a non-supported format is specified. E Message An incorrect command line parameter was specified. Description The command entered was wrong. E Message The combination of file type is incorrect.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 61 of 69 May 20, 2016 Description This error occurs when an RPI or HCUHEX file is included in a multiple program file selection. E Message Too many files selected. Description This error occurs when five or more files have been selected in multiple program file selection. E Message No unique code file specified. Description This error occurs when a definition file is not specified on the unique code tabbed page. E Message The unique code file is not correct. Description This error occurs when the specified unique code file is corrupted or is not in the correct format.
EF000001 Message Not enough memory. Description Processing cannot be continued since there is not enough memory in the host PC. E Message This file is corrupt and cannot be opened (line X. Description This error occurs when a program file which contains a line that is corrupted, is in a non-supported format, or contains entries in a non-supported format is specified. Check the format of the program file. E Message The data at 0xXXXXXXXX already exist and cannot be overwritten. Description This error occurs when an attempt is made to handle data having overlapping addresses. Check for data having overlapped addresses in the program file. E Message The format of option data is invalid. Description The target MCU does not support the format of the option data in the specified program file. E Message The device is not responding. Description This error occurs when there is no response from the target MCU during connection to the target system. Refer to section 4.2, Problems during Operation. E Message This device is not supported. Description An attempt was made to connect a non-supported target MCU. E Message This device does not match the connection parameters. Description An attempt was made to connect an MCU which does not match the target MCU that was acquired when the project was created. Check that the target MCU is corrector recreate the project. EA Message The data at address 0xXXXXXXXX do not match. Description The data in the program file might be different from that programmed in the target
MCU.
E300010B Message The option data do not match. Description The flash option data in the program file might be different from that programmed in the target MCU. This error will occur when the flash option data is reflected in the MCU after a reset. EC Message Data received from the device are corrupted. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. ED Message The device sent an unrecognized response. (0xXX)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 62 of 69 May 20, 2016 Description This error occurs when unexpected data were received from the MCU. Check that the MCU was reset before connection. Refer to section 5.6, Connecting through a COM port or USB Direct. E Message Cannot find the specified tool. Description This error occurs when the tool specified by a project could not be found. E Message The specified tool is already in use. Description This error occurs when the specified tool is already in use by another program. E Message An error occurred while connecting to the tool. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. E Message An error occurred while communicating with the tool. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. E Message An error occurred while updating the tool firmware. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. E Message An error occurred while initializing the tool. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. E Message Power is not being supplied to the user system. Description Turn on the target system before connecting the tool. Check the connection of the tool after you have turned the target system on. E Message Power is already been supplied on the user system. Description This error occurs when the power-supply function of the tool is selected for use but a power-supply voltage that is already present is detected on the user board. Check the power-supply setting. E Message Cannot release a reset signal. Description This error occurs when the reset signal of the target MCU going to the high level has not been detected while the E, E, or E Lite is in use and the target MCU is connected. Check the reset signal of the target MCU. E Message A timeout error occurred. Description This error occurs when a problem in communications between the target MCU and the RFP (host PC) arises for some reason, resulting in a timeout. The RFP allows you to set the bit rate, but communications cannot proceed if the specified bit rate does not match the actual settings of the target MCU. Check the following points.
(1) Bit rate Check the operating frequency of the MCU to see if the bit rate exceeds the allowable communications rate and if the bit rate is appropriate.
(2) Clock settings Check if the clock settings for the MCU in the RFP match the actual clock of the target MCU.
(3) Connection between the target system and the PC Good communications may not be possible if you are using a USB-to-serial converter, a self-made cable, a self-made extension cable, or the like for connection with a tool. E Message A framing error occurred while receiving data. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. E Message A parity error occurred while receiving data. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. E Message An overrun error occurred while receiving data. Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 63 of 69 May 20, 2016 Table 4-2 Error Messages Due to Errors in the MCU E Message A fatal error occurred during control of the flash memory. (Response XX:XX) Description E Message A transmission data error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description Refer to section 4.3, Problems during Communications. E Message An input frequency error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description This error occurs when the value specified for the input clock signal cannot be used in the MCU. For details, refer to the manual of the target MCU. E Message A frequency error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description This error occurs when the MCU failed to make the clock settings. Check the value of the input clock or the settings of the target MCU. For details, refer to the manual of the target MCU. E Message An authentication code error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description This error occurs when an ID code different from that set in the target MCU is entered (the message is the same for an incorrect access password. If you have forgotten the configured ID code, connection to the MCU for serial programming is basically disabled. However, erasure of the whole flash memory is enabled as an exception in some MCUs; for details, refer to the user’s manual of the MCU. E Message An address error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description E Message A baudrate error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description This error occurs when a bit rate which the MCU cannot generate is selected. Check the settings for the bit rate and the clock. EA Message A sequencer error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description This error will occur in the following cases. When an operation is attempted in an area reserved by the security function of the MCU When the MCU is malfunctioning EC Message A serial programming connection is prohibited for this device. Description This error occurs when the security setting to prohibit connection has been made. The serial programming function then cannot be used. ED Message A flow error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description

E100000E Message A protection error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description Execution of a specified command might have failed because the security setting to prohibit it in the target MCU has already been made. Although some security flags can be cleared by erasing the chip, others cannot. For details, refer to the manual of the target MCU.
E100000F Message A blank error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description E Message A verification error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description Different data might have been written to the program file and the target MCU. There might have been a failure in verification due to a defect in the flash memory. E Message A write error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX)


Renesas Flash Programmer V 4. Troubleshooting
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 64 of 69 May 20, 2016 Description This error will occur in the following cases. An attempt might have been made to overwrite an area already containing data with different data. There might have been a failure in programming due to a defect in the flash memory. E Message An erasure error occurred in the device. (Response XX:XX) Description This error code and message are displayed when erasure of data in the flash memory of the MCU was attempted but failed. Possible causes of the error (failure to erase) include
(1) The power-supply voltage for the MCU not being correct.
(2) The MCU being unable to operate properly because of the pin settings.
(3) The MCU having been damaged for some reason.
(4) Communication between the MCU and the PC having failed, so the command was not executed. Check the items (1) through (4) above. Good communications may not be possible if you are using a USB-to-serial converter, a self-made cable, a self-made extension cable, or the like for connection with a tool.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 5. Points for Caution
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 65 of 69 May 20, 2016 5. Points for Caution This chapter describes points for caution regarding the RFP.
5.1 Manipulating the User Boot Mat Applies to RX If a valid ID code has not been set before the MCU is connected (i.e. the device is not protected, manipulation of the user boot mat is not possible on completion of the connection. To enable manipulation of the user boot mat, set a valid ID code before connecting the MCU.
5.2 Host PC Applies to All MCUs Some tools (the E, E, E Lite, serial interface, and USB interface) may notwork with the host PC you are using. Check the connection between the tool and the host PC. If the tool still does notwork, you may need to use a different host PC.
5.3
USB-to-Serial Converter Applies to All MCUs We do not recommend the use of a USB-to-serial converter because it may cause delays in timing and data being lost due to the specifications of the converter.
5.4 Check before Connection Applies to All MCUs Connection of the target MCU in the cases listed below may damage the tool in use or the target system due to conflicts between signals. Be sure to check that the settings and circuit connection are correct. The type of the target MCU to be connected was mistaken. The wrong recommended circuit was used for the target MCU or the circuit being used was in error. The output setting of an IO port pin was wrong while the setting is for manual entry to boot mode. The power-supply setting of the tool was wrong.
5.5 Erase Chip of the RH Family Applies to RH When a chip is erased, the configuration data are cleared after all other data have been erased. In other words, the option settings of the MCU are all erased. Since all settings, including the settings at the time of shipment, are erased at this time, be sure to make the required settings at the same time. In addition, processing to clear the configuration data is prohibited in some MCUs. When you wish to erase a chip, refer to the user’s manual of the target MCU in use and determine whether or not processing to clear the configuration data can be used.
5.6 Connecting through a COM port or USB Direct Applies to RX, RH When the connection is through a COM port or USB Direct, the RFP does not control the reset pin of the MCU. Reset the MCU in advance when connecting with a target MCU.


Renesas Flash Programmer V 5. Points for Caution
R20UT3766EJ0100 Rev Page 66 of 69 May 20, 2016 5.7
Auto-padding with 0xFF Applies to All MCUs When an amount of data is less than the minimum unit for writing to a flash memory, the data are always padded with
0xFF before writing. Applies to RX Note that parts with no data will be padded with 0xFF when writing to the option setting memory area.


Renesas Flash Programmer V User’s Manual Publication Date Rev May 20, 2016 Published by
Renesas Electronics Corporation

http://www.renesas.com
Refer to "http://www.renesas.com/" for the latest and detailed information.


Renesas electronics america inc.


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