AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION – ZF 5HP24 DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION There are three drive clutches and three brake clutches used in the HP transmission. Each clutch comprises one or more friction plates dependent on the output controlled. Atypical clutch consists of a number of steel outer plates and inner plates with friction material bonded to each face. The clutch plates are held apart mechanically by a diaphragm spring and hydraulically by dynamic pressure. The pressure is derived from a lubrication channel which supplies fluid to the bearings etc. The fluid is passed via a drilling in the output shaft into the chamber between the baffle plate and the piston. To prevent inadvertent clutch application due to pressure buildup due to centrifugal force, the fluid in the dynamic pressure equalisation chamber overcomes any pressure in the piston chamber and holds the piston off the clutch plate assembly. When clutch application is required, main pressure from the fluid pump is applied to the piston chamber from the supply port. This main pressure overcomes the low pressure fluid present in the dynamic pressure equalisation chamber. The piston moves, against the pressure applied by the diaphragm spring, and compresses the clutch plate assembly. When the main pressure falls, the diaphragm spring pushes the piston away from clutch plate assembly, disengaging the clutch.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION – ZF HP 44-2-22 DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION