1 Securing ring 2 Shaft oil seal 3 O-ring seal 4 Pump housing 5 Ring gear 6 Crescent spacer 7 Roller bearing 8 Impeller 9 Centring pin 10 Spring washer 11 Outlet port (high pressure) 12 Inlet port (low pressure) The pump is driven by a positive coupling with the torque converter impeller, therefore the pump is driven at engine crankshaft speed. The pump comprises a housing, a crescent spacer, an impeller and a ring gear. The housing has inlet and outlet ports to direct flow and is located in the intermediate plate by a centring pin. The pump action is achieved by the impeller, ring gear and crescent spacer. M44 1823 10 4 6 5 8 9 3 1 7 2 12 5 6 11 8
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION – ZF HP 44-2-18 DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION The crescent spacer is fixed in its position by a pin and is located between the ring gear and the impeller. The impeller is driven by the drive from the torque converter which is located a needle roller bearing in the pump housing. The impeller teeth mesh with those of the ring gear. When the impeller is rotated, the motion is transferred to the ring gear which rotates in the same direction. The rotational motion of the ring gear and the impeller collects fluid from the intake port in the spaces between the teeth. When the teeth reach the crescent spacer, the oil is trapped in the spaces between the teeth and is carried with the rotation of the gears. The spacer tapers near the outlet port. This reduces the space between the gear teeth causing a buildup of fluid pressure as the oil reaches the outlet port. When the teeth pass the end of the spacer the pressurised fluid is passed to the outlet port. The fluid emerging from the outlet port is passed through the fluid pressure control valve. At high operating speeds the pressure control valve maintains the output pressure to the gearbox at a predetermined maximum level. Excess fluid is relieved from the pressure control valve and is directed, via the main pressure valve in the valve block, back to the pump inlet port. This provides a pressurised feed to the pump inlet which prevents cavitation and reduces pump noise.