background. They tend to prefer situations that allow them freedom in working toward their
goals and solving problems. These learners like to work individually. Meanwhile, Field
dependent style is “the tendency to be ‘dependent’ on the total field so that the parts embedded
within the field are not easily perceived, although that total field is perceived more clearly as a
unified whole” (Brown, 2004: 115). Learners who are field dependent may prefer group projects
and need more assistance from the instructor. One way to help these students is to make sure that
any diagrams and illustrations used as visual aids contain verbal information explaining them.