will have been carried out improperly – this may adversely affect the authorisation of a reconstituted business. To minimise any disruption to a business that wishes to continue trading following any such changes, AEs should notify DVSA in advance when any of the above changes are planned allowing any necessary applications for new authorisations to be processed before the change takes place. An authorisation cannot automatically be transferred with a business. Cessation for Disciplinary Reasons 5. DVSA, on behalf of the Secretary of State (see Section F, has the discretionary power to take disciplinary action against an AE, including cessation of the authorisation. Failure to adhere to the Requirements for Authorisation may result in disciplinary action against the AE and/or the Tester. Section I explains the disciplinary and appeal processes. 6. When the AE is a sole trader the responsibility for taking action to ensure that the authorisation is operated in accordance with the Secretary of State's requirements and the penalties for failure to do so falls on that person. With partnerships and companies, however, individuals must ensure correct operation of testing. The responsibility therefore falls not only on the company or partnership but also on the following individuals a. in the case of a company, all the officers of the company (see 'Abbreviations and Definitions' at the beginning of this guide) and any other person 'duly authorised' by the company to sign applications and other similar documents relating to the authorisation; bin the case of a partnership, each partner and any other person 'duly authorised' by the partnership to sign applications and other similar documents relating to the authorisation.