6 DEION, 1.1. What is CBVCT? A definition. Literature and evidence show us that the definition of community-based voluntary counselling and testing differs enormously from one national European context to the other. For this reason, and even if we are aware of this large range of CBVCT experiences, the HIV-COBATEST project proposes the following definition CBVCT is any program or service that offers HIV counselling and testing on a voluntary basis outside formal health facilities. It has been designed to target specific groups within the most-at-risk populations and is clearly adapted and accessible to those communities. Moreover, these services should ensure the active participation of the community with the involvement of community representatives either in planning or implementing HIV testing interventions and strategies. Community-based HTC (HIV testing and counselling) services are expected to help build public trust, protect human rights and reduce stigma and discrimination (UNAIDS, In practice CBVCT, can be implemented in a variety of settings and with various approaches and use standard HIV testing or HIV rapid testing (HRT).