Negative result Emphasize the importance of doing the test again, when necessary or on a regular basis like once a year. If the test was done during the window period, remind the person of the importance of doing the test again at the end of this period. Arrange an appointment if possible. Positive result Emphasize the advantages of knowing one’s positive status as soon as possible and the fact that treatment is now available which decreases the amount of virus in the body and rebuilds the immune system (treatment that can prevent further development of the infection. Discuss with the person the question of telling other people about the result. Who can they say it to It is important to remind them that they are under no obligation to do so. Offer to go with the person to get the test confirmed in a specialized HIV medical service. Discuss the use of condoms to prevent transmission to others and to protect oneself, even if the sexual/s partners is/are positive. Discuss the possibility of inviting the client’s sexual partner to do the test. Reassure the person and reduce the sense of guilt they could be feeling. Inform them about the fact that when treatment is initiated and when the viral load is undetectable, the risk of the virus being transmitted is significantly reduced.