16 number of people who have access to HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC) and decreasing the number of people who are unaware of being infected” 10 On an individual level, HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC) can provide an opportunity for timely access to appropriate treatment, care and support late presenters suffer greater morbidity and mortality than those diagnosed early” 11 On a community/collective level, Quality HTC can help prevent HIV infection through counselling to discourage high-risk behavior and support protective behavior. People who learn that they are HIV-infected can take steps to decrease the risk of transmitting HIV to injecting and sexual partners. The importance of this for HIV prevention is enhanced in settings where antiretroviral treatment (ART) is available and accessible to all who need it, given its value in reducing viral load and the amount of virus circulating in the community. WHO EUROPE’s Policy Framework emphasizes the need to increase efforts to scale up access to HIV testing and counselling services. It must be considered as a public health and human rights imperative but is not the ultimate goal. HTC programs must be linked to broader efforts to achieve universal access to comprehensive, evidence-based HIV prevention, treatment, care and support” 12 A policy framework listing the ten main principles to scale up HIV testing and counselling in member states was elaborated by WHO Europe (see appendix 1).