3. Types and Amount of Stool The type of stool can be checked with the Bristol Stool Chart, which shows 7 categories, as visually presented in Figure 2. Types 1 and 2 in the Bristol Stool Chart are lumpy stools and indicate constipation types 3, 4, and 5 are near-normal stools and types 6 and 7 are watery stools and indicate diarrhea. If an individual produces a significant amount of type 3, 4, or 5 stool after the absence of bowel movement for several days, this defecation interval is considered the proper defecation cycle for this individual 1) The amount of stool excreted per day by an adult depends. a lot of fibers of foods Generally, a Japanese individual taking ordinary meals excretes approximately 100–250 g 2)3) an extensive period a brief period Transit time in the digestive system Type1 Type2 Type3 Type4 Type5 Type6 Type7 Separate hard lumps, like nuts (hard to pass) Sausage-shaped but lumpy Like a sausage but with cracks on its surface Like a sausage or snake, smooth and soft Soft blobs with clear-cut edges (passed easily) Fluffy pieces with ragged edges, a mushy stool Watery, no solid pieces Entirely Liquid Figure 2: Bristol Stool Chart Source: Ryoko Takasaki, Kaoru Nishimura, Assessment and care plan for bowel disorders Japanese Journal of Nursing Arts, Vol. 55, No. 4, Medical Friend Co. Ltd, 2009, P24
It is recommended to record the time and date of defecation and the type and amount of stool, as well as the defecation procedures performed and the use of medications. The latter 2 factors can be used as a guide for bowel management. (Table 1).