Important notice to owners of commercial motor vehicles


Section 2 – Driving Safely



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Section 2 – Driving Safely
Page 2-21
Version: July 2013


2005 Commercial Driver’s License Manual



2.9.4 – Cell/Mobile Phones
49 CFR Part 383, 384, 390, 391 and 392 of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations
(FMCSRs) and the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) restricts the use of hand-held mobile telephones by drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs); and implements new driver disqualification sanctions for drivers of CMVs who fail to comply with this Federal restriction or who have multiple convictions for violating a State or local law or ordinance on motor vehicle traffic control that restricts the use of hand-held mobile telephones. Additionally, motor carriers are prohibited from requiring or allowing drivers of
CMVs to use hand-held mobile telephones. The use of hand-held mobile telephones means, using at least one hand to hold a mobile telephone to conduct a voice communication dialing a mobile telephone by pressing more than a single button or moving from a seated driving position while restrained by a seat belt to reach fora mobile telephone. If you choose to use a mobile phone while operating a CMV, you may only use a hands free mobile phone that is located close to you and that can be operated in compliance with the rule to conduct a voice communication. Your CDL will be disqualified after two or more convictions of any state law on hand-held mobile telephone use while operating a CMV. Disqualification is 60 days for the second offense within 3 years and 120 days for three or more offenses within 3 years. In addition, the first and each subsequent violation of such a prohibition are subject to civil penalties imposed on such drivers, in an amount up to $2,750. Motor carriers must not allow nor require drivers to use a hand-held mobile telephone while driving. Employers may also be subject to civil penalties in an amount up to
$11,000. There is an emergency exception that allows you to use your hand-held mobile telephones if necessary to communicate with law enforcement officials or other emergency services. Research shows that the odds of being involved in a safety-critical event (e.g., crash, near-crash, unintentional lane deviation) is 6 times greater for
CMV drivers who engage in dialing a mobile telephone while driving than for those who do not. Dialing drivers took their eyes off the forward roadway for an average of 3.8 seconds. At 55 mph or 80.7 feet per second, this equates to a driver traveling 306 feet, the approximate length of a football field, without looking at the roadway. Your primary responsibility is to operate a motor vehicle safely. To do this, you must focus your full attention on the driving task. Note that hands-free devices are no less likely than hand-held cellphones to cause you to become distracted. Attention is diverted from the driving task while using either device.


Table of contents
Who needs a commercial driver license?
Commercial learner permit (clp)
Farm-related service industry (frsi) waiver
Codetpnhxscode
General requirements
Commercial driver license (cdl)
Safety inspection
Texas drivers applying fora
Others applying fora commercial driver license
Disqualifications
Are the tests difficult?
Section 1 introduction
Figure 1.1 note:
School bust test
What sections should you study?
Interstate non-excepted
Intrastate non-excepted
Section 1 - introduction
The irp registrant and the ifta licensee may
Figure 1 – individual vehicle mileage & fuel record (example)
Vehicle inspection.
Section 2 – driving safely
Figure 2.1suspension system defects.
Exhaust system defects.
Approaching the vehicle.
Step 2: check engine compartment
Page 2-3 version: july 2013
Look at the gauges
Check condition of controls.
Left front side
Step 6: check signal lights
Step 7: start the engine and check
Test service brake stopping action
Safety inspection.
Back slowly.
Knowing when to shift up.
Basic procedures for shifting down
Before starting down a hill.
Subsections 2.2 and 2.3
Importance of looking far enough ahead.
Look for traffic.
Mirror adjustment.
Check your vehicle.
Lane changes.
Stopping on the road
Don't direct traffic.
When it's hard to see.
Reaction distance
The effect of vehicle weight on stopping
Just after rain begins
Figure 2.12 2.7.2 – space behind
Page 2-16 version: july 2013
Staying centered in a lane.
Strong winds.
Seeing hazards lets you be prepared.
Learning to see hazards.
Work zones.
Foreign objects.
Off ramps/on ramps.
Delivery trucks can present a hazard.
Pedestrians and bicyclists can also be
Slow drivers.
Drivers in a hurry.
Driver body movement as a clue.
Subsections 2.7 and 2.8
Subsections 2.9 and 2.10
Fatigue and lack of alertness.
Warning signs of fatigue
Maintaining alertness while driving
Poor lighting.
Drunk drivers.
Other lights.
Avoid blinding others.
Use high beams when you can.
Wipers and washers.
Lights and reflectors.
Radiator shutters and winterfront.
Slippery surfaces.
Adjust space to conditions.
Engine oil.
Engine belts.
Go slowly enough to prevent overheating.
Passive crossings.
Advance warning signs.
Cross-buck signs.
Don't rely on signals.
Subsections 2.15 and 2.16
Keep both hands on the steering wheel.
Where to steer.
Leaving the road.
Returning to the road.
Controlled braking.
Find an escape route.
Respond to tire failure.
Check the tires.
Abs won’t allow you to drive faster
Abs won’t change the way you normally
Over-steering.
Figure 2.19
Follow safe procedures.
Pull off the road.
Extinguish the fire.
Class/type of fires
Figure 2.21 section 2 – driving safely
How alcohol works.
What determines
How alcohol affects driving.
What is a drink
Effects of increasing
To communicate the risk.
Figure 2.24 2.23.3 – lists of regulated products
Subsections 2.22 and 2.23
Figure 3.2 section 3 - transporting cargo safely
Section 3 test your knowledge
Section 3 - transporting cargo safely
Figure 4.1 4.2.2 – forbidden hazardous materials
Section 4 - transporting passengers safely
The most common bus accidents.
Stop at drawbridges.
Section 4 test your knowledge
Figure 5.1 section 5 – air brakes
S-cam brakes.
Figure 5.2 wedge brakes.
Modulating control valves.
Figure 5.3 5.1.16 – antilock braking systems (abs)
Section 5 – air brakes
Check brake drums
Test low pressure warning signal.
Check rate of air pressure buildup.
Test air leakage rate.
Check air compressor governor cut-in and
Test parking brake.
Section 6 - combination vehicles
Figure 6.3 figure 6.4
Subsection 6.1
Emergency air-line.
Figure 6.6 section 6 - combination vehicles
Subsection 6.2
Figure 6.7 6.3.2 – braking with abs
Step 5. secure tractor
Step 8. supply air to trailer
Step 9. lock trailer brakes
Step 12. secure vehicle
Step 14. connect the electrical cord and check
Step 16. remove trailer wheel chocks
Step 3. chock trailer wheels
Step 5. disconnect airlines and electrical
Test tractor protection valve.
Test trailer emergency brakes.
Subsection 6.5
Section 7 - doubles and triples
Connect converter dolly to front trailer
Uncouple rear trailer
Uncouple triple-trailer rig
Coupling system areas
Double and triple trailers
Section 7 test your knowledge
Figure 8.1 8.2.1 – high center of gravity
Section 8 - tank vehicles
Section 9 - hazardous material
Transportation—who does what
Hazardous materials class
Examples of hazmat placards
The hazardous materials table.
Appendix b to 49 cfr 172.101 – list of marine
Special instructions:
Placard table 2
Figure 9.8 section 9 - hazardous material
Subsections 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3
No smoking.
Use closed cargo space.
Class 4 (flammable solids) and class 5
Class 8 (corrosive) materials.
Class 2 (compressed gases) including
Class 7 (radioactive) materials.
Do not load table
Figure 9.9 mixed loads.
Subsection 9.5
Emergencies 9.7.1 – emergency response guidebook
Page 9-15 version: july 2013
Class 1 (explosives).
Class 7 (radioactive materials).
National response center
Figure 9.10 classes of hazardous materials
Figure 9.11 subsections 9.6 and 9.7
Radioactive separation
Division – a subdivision of a hazard class. epa
Gross weight or gross mass
Hazardous substance
Limited quantity
Outage or ullage
Proper shipping name
Section 10 – school buses
Additional procedures for students that must
Dropped or forgotten objects.
Handrail hang-ups.
Determine need to evacuate bus.
Mandatory evacuations.
Active crossings.
Figure 10.5
Figure 10.7 flashing red light signals.
Approaching the crossing
Crossing the track
Police officer at the crossing.
Containment or storage areas.
Power steering fluid
Oil pressure gauge
Ammeter/voltmeter
Lights/reflectors/reflector tape condition
Horn check that air horn and/or electric horn work. heater/defroster
Section 11 - vehicle inspection
Steering box/hoses
Shock absorbers
Hub oil seals/axle seals
Door(s)/mirror(s)
Splash guards
Catwalk/steps
Hitch release lever
Locking pins (fifth wheel)
Tongue storage area
Lights/reflectors
Landing gear
Emergency exits
Level/air leaks
Remainder of vehicle
Outside vehicle observations (looks)
Final position
Figure 12.2: offset back/right
Section 13 – on-road driving
Special permits.
Two way roadway
Lighting and reflectors.
Divided highway
Implements of husbandry.
Dard vehicle size requirements
School buses, recreational vehicles, and others
Test your knowledge
Texas commercial driver license
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