2.9.2 – Effects of Distracted Driving Effects of distracted driving include slowed perception, which may cause you to be delayed in perceiving or completely fail to perceive an important traffic event delayed decision making and improper action, which can cause you to be delayed in taking the proper action or make incorrect inputs to the steering, accelerator or brakes. 2.9.3 – Types of Distractions There are many causes of distraction, all with the potential to increase risk. Physical distraction – one that causes you to take your hands off the wheel or eyes off the road, such as reaching for an object. Mental distraction – activities that take your mind away from the road, such as engaging in conversation with a passenger or thinking about something that happened during the day. Both physical and mental distraction – even greater chance a crash could happen, such as talking on a cellphone or sending or reading text messages.