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BAT WORKERS MANUAL 09Acknowledgements



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BAT WORKERS MANUAL
09
Acknowledgements
Holmes (trees. Peter Smith updated the information about radio-tracking in Chapter Maggie Brown and Andrew Routh helped to update
Chapter 7 and Mike Worsfold provided additional information for Appendix 2. The swift revision of this third edition was helped greatly by comments from Stewart Pritchard
(SNH), Jessa Battersby (JNCC), Liz Halliwell
(CCW), staff at the Bat Conservation Trust (Colin
Catto, Ali Rasey) and Tony Hutson. Tom McOwat obligingly redrew some of the illustrations.
It is with sadness that we record the untimely death of Gill Hinchcliffe (1958–2002), who contributed so much to bat conservation and the development of bat groups.
Pipistrelle bat. © Frank Greenaway


BAT WORKERS MANUAL
10
Bechstein’s bat. © Frank Greenaway

In England, Scotland and Wales all bat species are fully protected under the Wildlife and Countryside
Act 1981 (WCA) (as amended) through inclusion in Schedule 5. In England and Wales, this Act has been amended by the Countryside and Rights of
Way Act 2000 (CRoW), which adds an extra offence, makes species offences arrestable, increases the time limits for some prosecutions and increases penalties. In Scotland, the Criminal
Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 has amended the WCA
to widen the powers of arrest, increase the time limits for some prosecutions, increase penalties and extend the use of search warrants. It does not, however, introduce any new offences. The Nature
Conservation (Scotland) Bill will introduce further amendments to the WCA in Scotland in In Northern Ireland all bats are fully protected by the Wildlife (Northern Ireland) Order 1985 as amended) through inclusion in Schedule 5. All bats are also included in Schedule 2 of the
Conservation (Natural Habitats, c) Regulations, (or Northern Ireland, 1995) (the Habitats
Regulations), which defines European protected species of animals’.
These various pieces of legislation almost parallel each other, with a few small differences in wording.
The legal significance of these differences has not yet been fully established and so the following account attempts to combine them to provide a simplified summary.
Taken together, the Act, Order and Regulations make it illegal to intentionally or deliberately kill, injure or capture (or take) bats deliberately disturb bats (whether in a roost or not recklessly disturb roosting bats or obstruct access to their roosts (England & Wales only proposed for Scotland in 2004);
• damage or destroy bat roosts possessor transport a bat or any part of a bat, unless acquired legally sell (or offer for sale) or exchange bats, or parts of bats.
The word roost is not used in the legislation, but is used here for simplicity. The actual wording in


Health and safety in bat work
Catching bats
Ringing and marking
Public relations
Conserving and creating bat roosts
Forewordbat
Bats and the law
Law enforcement – gathering evidence
Convention on the conservation of
Public inquiry confirms importance of lesser horseshoe bat roost
Taking bats into captivity
Advice to the public who find grounded bats
Advice on bats and rabies
Dust and insulation
Wasp, bee and hornet nests
Survey and monitoring
Day surveys of potential roost structures
Case study – bats in barns survey
Case study – the bats in churches project
Identification
Bats and echolocation
Bat detectors
Basic equipment required:
Sonogram analysis
Extraction from hand-nets
Figure 4.1hand-nets. polythene around the lip prevents bats climbing out.figure 4.3
Single-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats44two-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats463
Testicular descent
Chapter 5 examining bats50figure 5.1
Parturition and lactation
Fur colour and texture
Wing span, and head and body length
Mites, including ticks (acari)
Bat-bugs (hemiptera, cimicidae)
Fleas (siphonaptera, ischnopsyllidae)
Bat-flies (diptera, nycteribiidae)
Rabies surveillance
Chapter 5 examining bats56sending dead bats by post
References and further reading
Handling, releasing and keeping bats
Moral considerations
Adultstemporary debility or injury likely to heal
Permanent captives
Bat conservation trust - guidelines on bats in captivity
Insects and substitutes
Vitamins and minerals
Weaning and rearing orphaned bats
The role of a bat group
The bat conservation trust
Bats on the internet
Bats in the living area
General fear of bats
Damage to buildings
Transmission of disease
Interior design fora huge roost of (smelly) bats
Legal position (simplified)
Outside the breeding season
Insects in droppings
Speciesnumber of roosts
Summary – exclusion of bats
Summary – visit to householders who have discovered bats
Security alarm systems in buildings
Timber treatment, pest control
During breeding season
If bats are torpid
Fungicidescommon name
If bats are active
Outside breeding season
Fusible link shutters
Case study - window and lintel replacement
Case study - roof refurbishment
Case study – timber treatment and roof renovation
Excessive disturbance
Destruction, maintenance or change of use
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts112figure 11.1
Grade b sites without protection.
Grade 4 (many sites)
Grade 1 (fewer than 10 sites)
Railway tunnel enhancement
Cave construction
Manipulation of airflow and temperature
Reopening of blocked sites
Provision of additional roosting points
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts122figure 11.5
Figure 11.5 (continued)
Converting a pillbox for bats
Bat conservation code
Wildlife and countryside act 1981 &
Tree preservation orders
Maintaining roosts
Creating roosts
Case histories of bridge maintenance works
Examples of roost creation within bridges
Appendix 1140figure a1.1
Appendix 1142figure a1.1
Appendix 3 9
Grid reference.
Biological records centre single species card
Monitoring methods
Hibernation counts
Bat speciessc
Appendix 4150participation and experience required
A selected bibliography
A european bats – identification,
C children’s books
Appendix 5154d journals, magazines and newsletters
Bat research news
Useful names and addresses
The environment and heritage service
Department for environment, food and rural
Non governmental organisations
National association of mining history
The national trust
Subterranea britannica
Equipment suppliers
Pettersson elektronik ab
Bernies cafe and caving supplies
Watkins and doncaster
Holohil systems ltd
Titley electronics
Jacobi jayne & co
Mealwormslive foods direct ltd
Bat workers training syllabus
Circumstances requiring consultation
Licensinglicensable activities
Appendix 7164other licences
Bat biology and ecology
Basic ecology
Bat conservation
Persecution and intolerance
Presenting bats to the public
Safety underground
Appendix 7168training checklist
Model risk assessment for entry into disused mines (cont)
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures (cont)
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces (cont)
Health and safety at work etc act 1974
Health and safety legislation
The carriage of dangerous goods
References legislation
Appendix 9178for laboratory use only



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