Bat work manual 26 (3791)


Personal protective equipment



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2.3.1 Personal protective equipment
(PPE)
If it is necessary to enter a bat roost, proper equipment is essential and appropriate clothing should be worn. Overalls are recommended because they protect clothes from dirt and the body from splinters or irritation caused by fibreglass insulation. Shoes or boots with a thick sole should be worn to give protection against projecting nails industrial safety boots or safety trainers with nail-resistant soles are ideal. Tough gloves, such as gardening gloves, can give protection against splinters, nails and sharp edges.
Their use is a matter of individual preference,
although gloves must always be worn for handling bats. Dust masks should be worn if you have any form of respiratory sensitivity and eye protection maybe advisable when opening aloft hatch from below.
Hard hats can provide considerable protection against falling objects or projecting nails, but they need a certain amount of care if they are to function properly. The hat must be a good fit, with the inner harness and strap adjusted properly. The gap between the harness and the plastic shell is essential for the proper functioning of the hat, so do not store anything there. The plastic shell is tough,
but not indestructible, and you should ensure that it is cared for properly do not apply solvents to it or modify it in anyway. Hats that have received a significant sharp blow or are over 5 years old should be replaced. Hats that are over 2 years old should be tested regularly by squeezing the sides and watching for any cracking, whitening or kinking of the plastic. In an ordinary attic, the use of a hardhat is optional, but they should be worn if there is any risk of being hit by a falling object,
such as a roof tile or any debris from old or derelict buildings. Baseball ‘bump-caps’, which
2.3 SAFETY IN AND AROUND BUILDINGS give protection against projecting nails and bumps against roof timbers, are widely available.
Any roost visit requires good lighting. Ahead torch is preferable because it leaves you with both hands free and provides light in the direction you are looking. Small dry-battery operated head torches are light and convenient for visits to domestic roosts, but rechargeable caving and mining lamps have a much longer life, although they are fairly heavy. Always carry a spare torch as insurance against being stranded in the dark.


Health and safety in bat work
Catching bats
Ringing and marking
Public relations
Conserving and creating bat roosts
Forewordbat
Bat workers manual 09acknowledgements
Bats and the law
Law enforcement – gathering evidence
Convention on the conservation of
Public inquiry confirms importance of lesser horseshoe bat roost
Taking bats into captivity
Advice to the public who find grounded bats
Advice on bats and rabies
Dust and insulation
Wasp, bee and hornet nests
Survey and monitoring
Day surveys of potential roost structures
Case study – bats in barns survey
Case study – the bats in churches project
Identification
Bats and echolocation
Bat detectors
Basic equipment required:
Sonogram analysis
Extraction from hand-nets
Figure 4.1hand-nets. polythene around the lip prevents bats climbing out.figure 4.3
Single-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats44two-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats463
Testicular descent
Chapter 5 examining bats50figure 5.1
Parturition and lactation
Fur colour and texture
Wing span, and head and body length
Mites, including ticks (acari)
Bat-bugs (hemiptera, cimicidae)
Fleas (siphonaptera, ischnopsyllidae)
Bat-flies (diptera, nycteribiidae)
Rabies surveillance
Chapter 5 examining bats56sending dead bats by post
References and further reading
Handling, releasing and keeping bats
Moral considerations
Adultstemporary debility or injury likely to heal
Permanent captives
Bat conservation trust - guidelines on bats in captivity
Insects and substitutes
Vitamins and minerals
Weaning and rearing orphaned bats
The role of a bat group
The bat conservation trust
Bats on the internet
Bats in the living area
General fear of bats
Damage to buildings
Transmission of disease
Interior design fora huge roost of (smelly) bats
Legal position (simplified)
Outside the breeding season
Insects in droppings
Speciesnumber of roosts
Summary – exclusion of bats
Summary – visit to householders who have discovered bats
Security alarm systems in buildings
Timber treatment, pest control
During breeding season
If bats are torpid
Fungicidescommon name
If bats are active
Outside breeding season
Fusible link shutters
Case study - window and lintel replacement
Case study - roof refurbishment
Case study – timber treatment and roof renovation
Excessive disturbance
Destruction, maintenance or change of use
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts112figure 11.1
Grade b sites without protection.
Grade 4 (many sites)
Grade 1 (fewer than 10 sites)
Railway tunnel enhancement
Cave construction
Manipulation of airflow and temperature
Reopening of blocked sites
Provision of additional roosting points
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts122figure 11.5
Figure 11.5 (continued)
Converting a pillbox for bats
Bat conservation code
Wildlife and countryside act 1981 &
Tree preservation orders
Maintaining roosts
Creating roosts
Case histories of bridge maintenance works
Examples of roost creation within bridges
Appendix 1140figure a1.1
Appendix 1142figure a1.1
Appendix 3 9
Grid reference.
Biological records centre single species card
Monitoring methods
Hibernation counts
Bat speciessc
Appendix 4150participation and experience required
A selected bibliography
A european bats – identification,
C children’s books
Appendix 5154d journals, magazines and newsletters
Bat research news
Useful names and addresses
The environment and heritage service
Department for environment, food and rural
Non governmental organisations
National association of mining history
The national trust
Subterranea britannica
Equipment suppliers
Pettersson elektronik ab
Bernies cafe and caving supplies
Watkins and doncaster
Holohil systems ltd
Titley electronics
Jacobi jayne & co
Mealwormslive foods direct ltd
Bat workers training syllabus
Circumstances requiring consultation
Licensinglicensable activities
Appendix 7164other licences
Bat biology and ecology
Basic ecology
Bat conservation
Persecution and intolerance
Presenting bats to the public
Safety underground
Appendix 7168training checklist
Model risk assessment for entry into disused mines (cont)
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures (cont)
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces (cont)
Health and safety at work etc act 1974
Health and safety legislation
The carriage of dangerous goods
References legislation
Appendix 9178for laboratory use only



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