Taking bats into captivity Bats should beheld in captivity in accordance with the Bat Conservation Trust guidelines. Defra has confirmed that any captive bat that is still alive after any necessary treatment and care can be considered safe to release as soon as it is in a fit state All bats that die in captivity should be submitted to the VLA as soon as possible. Vaccination Following the discovery of European Bat Lyssavirus type 2 in two Daubenton’s bats in England and the death of a batworker in Scotland from the same virus, it must now be assumed that this virus is present in bats in the UK.Testing of dead bats by MAFF/Defra over the last decade indicates that the overall incidence of infection is likely to be very low, although limited testing of live Daubenton’s bats for antibodies suggests that exposure to EBL2 maybe more widespread. Nevertheless, infected bat bites have caused human deaths so appropriate precautions against infection must be taken. The Department of Health’s recommendation is that people regularly handling bats should be vaccinated against rabies. Included in this category are all active bat workers and wardens, and those regularly taking in sick and injured bats. The SNCOs and the Bat Conservation Trust urge all those involved in bat work to ensure that they are fully vaccinated and that they receive regular boosters. Bats should not be handled by anyone who has not received these vaccinations. Even when fully vaccinated, people should avoid being bitten by wearing appropriate bite-proof gloves when handling bats. Any bat bite should be thoroughly cleansed with soap and water and advice should besought from your doctor about the need for post-exposure treatment. Further information is available from the SNCOs, the Bat Conservation Trust or the Health Protection Agency (HPA) Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health (SCIEH).The BCT website http://www.bats.org.uk/batinfo/rabies.htm provides up to date information.