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Public Inquiry confirms importance of lesser horseshoe bat roost

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Public Inquiry confirms importance of lesser horseshoe bat roost
Lesser horseshoe bat. © Frank Greenaway

ANON. 1979. Convention on the Conservation of
European Wildlife and Natural Habitats.
European Treaty Series No. 104. (Bern Convention, ANON. 1980. Convention on the Conservation of
Migratory Species of Wild Animals. Treaty Series No. 87. (Bonn Convention, ANON. 1981. Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
HMSO, London. 128 pp. ISBN 0 10 546981 5. ANON. 1991. Agreement on the Conservation of
Bats in Europe. (Eurobats.)
ANON. 1994. Biodiversity: the UK Action Plan. Cm 2428. HMSO, London.
ANON. 1995. Biodiversity: the UK Steering Group
Report. Vol 1: Meeting the Rio Challenge. Vol 2:
Action Plans. HMSO, London.
ANON. 1996. Wild Mammals (Protection) Act 1996.
HMSO, London. 2 pp. ISBN 0 10 540396 ANON. 1998 UK Biodiversity Group Tranche 2
Action Plans. Volume 1 - Vertebrates and
Vascular plants. English Nature, Peterborough.
267 pp. ISBN 1 85716 406 ANON. 2000. Countryside and Rights of Way Act
2000. HMSO, London. ISBN 0 10 543700 X.
ANON. 2003. Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act
2003. The Stationery Office, London. ISBN 0 10 590049 ANON. 2003. Nature Conservation (Scotland) Bill. As introduced in the Scottish Parliament on
29th September 2003.)
CHILDS, J. 2003. Bats and the law what to do
when the law is broken. Bat Conservation Trust
& Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Available on the internet at
Council Directive EEC of st May 1992
on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of
Wild Flora and Fauna. Official Journal of the European Communities. No. L, pp.
Council Directive EEC of 27th June
1985 on the Assessment of the Effects of Certain
Public and Private Projects on the Environment.
Official Journal of the European Communities. L 175, pp. DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT. 1989.
Environmental Assessment: A guide to the
Procedures. HMSO, London.
Planning Policy Guidance (PPG 9). Nature Conservation. HMSO, London. 59 pp. ISBN 0 11 752787 4.
(2nd edn). Species Protected by Law - guidance
note. Derbyshire County Council, Matlock. 22 pp.
ENGLISH NATURE. 1994. Roads and Nature
Conservation. Guidance on impacts, mitigation
and enhancement. English Nature,
Peterborough. 81 pp. ISBN 1 85716 134 ENGLISH NATURE. 1994. Nature Conservation in
Environmental Assessment. English Nature,
Peterborough. 50 pp. ISBN 1 85716 135 ENVIRONMENT AND HERITAGE SERVICE.
Planning Conservation Guidelines – Nature
Conservation and Planning. Department of the Environment (NI. ISBN 0 337 THE SCOTTISH OFFICE DEVELOPMENT
DEPARTMENT. 1999. National Planning Policy
Guideline NPPG 14: Natural Heritage. ISBN 0 7480 7997 STATUTORY INSTRUMENT NO. 2716. 1994.
The Conservation (Natural Habitats, c)
Regulations 1994. HMSO, London. 59 pp. ISBN 0 11 045716 STATUTORY INSTRUMENT NO. 171 (NI 2).
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The Hedgerow Regulations 1997. The Stationery Office Ltd, London. 15 pp. ISBN 0 11 064458 1.

Health and safety in bat work
Catching bats
Ringing and marking
Public relations
Conserving and creating bat roosts
Bat workers manual 09acknowledgements
Bats and the law
Law enforcement – gathering evidence
Convention on the conservation of
Taking bats into captivity
Advice to the public who find grounded bats
Advice on bats and rabies
Dust and insulation
Wasp, bee and hornet nests
Survey and monitoring
Day surveys of potential roost structures
Case study – bats in barns survey
Case study – the bats in churches project
Bats and echolocation
Bat detectors
Basic equipment required:
Sonogram analysis
Extraction from hand-nets
Figure 4.1hand-nets. polythene around the lip prevents bats climbing out.figure 4.3
Single-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats44two-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats463
Testicular descent
Chapter 5 examining bats50figure 5.1
Parturition and lactation
Fur colour and texture
Wing span, and head and body length
Mites, including ticks (acari)
Bat-bugs (hemiptera, cimicidae)
Fleas (siphonaptera, ischnopsyllidae)
Bat-flies (diptera, nycteribiidae)
Rabies surveillance
Chapter 5 examining bats56sending dead bats by post
References and further reading
Handling, releasing and keeping bats
Moral considerations
Adultstemporary debility or injury likely to heal
Permanent captives
Bat conservation trust - guidelines on bats in captivity
Insects and substitutes
Vitamins and minerals
Weaning and rearing orphaned bats
The role of a bat group
The bat conservation trust
Bats on the internet
Bats in the living area
General fear of bats
Damage to buildings
Transmission of disease
Interior design fora huge roost of (smelly) bats
Legal position (simplified)
Outside the breeding season
Insects in droppings
Speciesnumber of roosts
Summary – exclusion of bats
Summary – visit to householders who have discovered bats
Security alarm systems in buildings
Timber treatment, pest control
During breeding season
If bats are torpid
Fungicidescommon name
If bats are active
Outside breeding season
Fusible link shutters
Case study - window and lintel replacement
Case study - roof refurbishment
Case study – timber treatment and roof renovation
Excessive disturbance
Destruction, maintenance or change of use
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts112figure 11.1
Grade b sites without protection.
Grade 4 (many sites)
Grade 1 (fewer than 10 sites)
Railway tunnel enhancement
Cave construction
Manipulation of airflow and temperature
Reopening of blocked sites
Provision of additional roosting points
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts122figure 11.5
Figure 11.5 (continued)
Converting a pillbox for bats
Bat conservation code
Wildlife and countryside act 1981 &
Tree preservation orders
Maintaining roosts
Creating roosts
Case histories of bridge maintenance works
Examples of roost creation within bridges
Appendix 1140figure a1.1
Appendix 1142figure a1.1
Appendix 3 9
Grid reference.
Biological records centre single species card
Monitoring methods
Hibernation counts
Bat speciessc
Appendix 4150participation and experience required
A selected bibliography
A european bats – identification,
C children’s books
Appendix 5154d journals, magazines and newsletters
Bat research news
Useful names and addresses
The environment and heritage service
Department for environment, food and rural
Non governmental organisations
National association of mining history
The national trust
Subterranea britannica
Equipment suppliers
Pettersson elektronik ab
Bernies cafe and caving supplies
Watkins and doncaster
Holohil systems ltd
Titley electronics
Jacobi jayne & co
Mealwormslive foods direct ltd
Bat workers training syllabus
Circumstances requiring consultation
Licensinglicensable activities
Appendix 7164other licences
Bat biology and ecology
Basic ecology
Bat conservation
Persecution and intolerance
Presenting bats to the public
Safety underground
Appendix 7168training checklist
Model risk assessment for entry into disused mines (cont)
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures (cont)
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces (cont)
Health and safety at work etc act 1974
Health and safety legislation
The carriage of dangerous goods
References legislation
Appendix 9178for laboratory use only

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