iii) To disturb bats for the purpose of photography Licences maybe issued specifically for bat photography but only where there is a special case for doing so. This will normally only be where the results contribute directly to public awareness about bats, as with some filming for television. The welfare of the bats must be the prime consideration at all times. In England, Scotland and Wales, the standard licence includes a note about photography, which is permissible as an incidental part of licensed conservation or scientific work where no additional disturbance is caused thereby. This does not require a separate licence, but care must betaken not to cross the boundary between what is genuinely incidental and what is designed to get a good photograph. If you are in doubt, it is better to consult the SNCO’s Licensing Section and obtain a licence if necessary. In Northern Ireland incidental photography (without a flash) is considered to be included in the basic roost visitors licence. Where you have a valid licence to disturb, take or possess bats, the camera can be a useful device to record the activities undertaken without intruding on them. Flash photography in roosts or hibernacula does not come into this category and requires separate licensing, as does the taking of bats into captivity for filming or photography. Flash photography of CHAPTER 1 BATS AND THE LAW 16 hibernating bats should generally be limited as the noise and light could disturb them. In order to gain a scientific or photographic licence, applicants need to demonstrate a serious interest in bat work and an understanding of how and when particular techniques should be employed. Licences for netting, trapping or other techniques for catching bats in flight will require the applicant to demonstrate experience and competence in the use of the particular catching technique, as witnessed by a trainer, and appreciation of its appropriate application. Licences will be issued only for projects that have been agreed with the appropriate SNCO.