1.2 International protection As well as domestic legislation, bats are also protected under several international Conventions, Directives or Agreements. Where these place obligations on the UK government, they have been translated into the domestic legislation described in Section 1.1. European Union Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora (Habitats and Species Directive) This Directive places a legal requirement on all Member States of the European Union to protect specified habitats and species through their own domestic legislation. In the UK this has been implemented by the Conservation (Natural Habitats, c) Regulations 1994. All species of bats are on Annex IV (European protected species of animal, which requires that they are given full protection. Five species (greater horseshoe, lesser horseshoe, Bechstein’s, barbastelle and greater mouse-eared (believed extinct) are also on Annex II, which requires the designation of Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) to ensure that the species is maintained at a favourable conservation status. In the UK this is being done through the designation of certain selected SSSIs. This international network of sites is known as the Natura 2000 series. There may come a time when, in the course of your bat work, you witness, or find evidence of, the law being broken. It is essential in such a case that a careful and detailed record of events and evidence is kept if there is to be any hope of a subsequent prosecution being successful. Normally it would be best to ask a police WLO to gather the evidence, but if you are the first on the scene of a crime you can follow these best practice guidelines to gather admissible evidence. The following notes explain what is required by a court and give some idea of what you can expect if you are asked to give evidence: • It is vital that you make written notes of any incident. If possible make the notes as the incident occurs, but if this is not possible then make them as soon as possible after the event. If made too late after the event, a court may decide they are inadmissible. If you are making notes at the time, record as many details as you can as they happen.You can followup these notes after the event with a more methodical appraisal of the situation as you remember it, including anything you did not have time to record. • Important details to note date, time, location (including grid reference if possible, descriptions of people, names, addresses and telephone numbers if you know them, vehicle registration numbers and descriptions, exactly what you saw and heard.You can include in your notes things that you overheard somebody else say (e.g. "Mr X told me that Mr Y said, but this is called hearsay and it will probably be inadmissible as evidence in court. However, by including it in your notes you may assist the investigating officer with his/her inquiries. • When writing notes try not to leave any blank spaces and fill in any blank spaces with a line.This shows the court that no changes could have been made after the event. If you do need to make a change, cross out the incorrect section lightly so that it can still be read and add the corrected statement.You must initial and date/time this entry.