Bat work manual 26 (3791)

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1.2 International protection
As well as domestic legislation, bats are also protected under several international Conventions,
Directives or Agreements. Where these place obligations on the UK government, they have been translated into the domestic legislation described in
Section 1.1.
European Union Directive on the
Conservation of Natural Habitats and of
Wild Fauna and Flora (Habitats and
Species Directive)
This Directive places a legal requirement on all
Member States of the European Union to protect specified habitats and species through their own domestic legislation. In the UK this has been implemented by the Conservation (Natural
Habitats, c) Regulations 1994. All species of bats are on Annex IV (European protected species of animal, which requires that they are given full protection. Five species (greater horseshoe, lesser horseshoe, Bechstein’s, barbastelle and greater mouse-eared (believed extinct) are also on Annex
II, which requires the designation of Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) to ensure that the species is maintained at a favourable conservation status. In the UK this is being done through the designation of certain selected SSSIs. This international network of sites is known as the
Natura 2000 series.
There may come a time when, in the course of your bat work,
you witness, or find evidence of, the law being broken. It is essential in such a case that a careful and detailed record of events and evidence is kept if there is to be any hope of a subsequent prosecution being successful. Normally it would be best to ask a police WLO to gather the evidence, but if you are the first on the scene of a crime you can follow these best practice guidelines to gather admissible evidence.
The following notes explain what is required by a court and give some idea of what you can expect if you are asked to give evidence:

It is vital that you make written notes of any incident. If possible make the notes as the incident occurs, but if this is not possible then make them as soon as possible after the event. If made too late after the event, a court may decide they are inadmissible. If you are making notes at the time, record as many details as you can as they happen.You can followup these notes after the event with a more methodical appraisal of the situation as you remember it, including anything you did not have time to record.

Important details to note date, time, location (including grid reference if possible, descriptions of people,
names, addresses and telephone numbers if you know them, vehicle registration numbers and descriptions,
exactly what you saw and heard.You can include in your notes things that you overheard somebody else say (e.g. "Mr X told me that Mr Y said, but this is called hearsay and it will probably be inadmissible as evidence in court. However, by including it in your notes you may assist the investigating officer with his/her inquiries.

When writing notes try not to leave any blank spaces and fill in any blank spaces with a line.This shows the court that no changes could have been made after the event. If you do need to make a change, cross out the incorrect section lightly so that it can still be read and add the corrected statement.You must initial and date/time this entry.

Health and safety in bat work
Catching bats
Ringing and marking
Public relations
Conserving and creating bat roosts
Bat workers manual 09acknowledgements
Bats and the law
Law enforcement – gathering evidence
Convention on the conservation of
Public inquiry confirms importance of lesser horseshoe bat roost
Taking bats into captivity
Advice to the public who find grounded bats
Advice on bats and rabies
Dust and insulation
Wasp, bee and hornet nests
Survey and monitoring
Day surveys of potential roost structures
Case study – bats in barns survey
Case study – the bats in churches project
Bats and echolocation
Bat detectors
Basic equipment required:
Sonogram analysis
Extraction from hand-nets
Figure 4.1hand-nets. polythene around the lip prevents bats climbing out.figure 4.3
Single-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats44two-pole flicking
Chapter 4 c atching bats463
Testicular descent
Chapter 5 examining bats50figure 5.1
Parturition and lactation
Fur colour and texture
Wing span, and head and body length
Mites, including ticks (acari)
Bat-bugs (hemiptera, cimicidae)
Fleas (siphonaptera, ischnopsyllidae)
Bat-flies (diptera, nycteribiidae)
Rabies surveillance
Chapter 5 examining bats56sending dead bats by post
References and further reading
Handling, releasing and keeping bats
Moral considerations
Adultstemporary debility or injury likely to heal
Permanent captives
Bat conservation trust - guidelines on bats in captivity
Insects and substitutes
Vitamins and minerals
Weaning and rearing orphaned bats
The role of a bat group
The bat conservation trust
Bats on the internet
Bats in the living area
General fear of bats
Damage to buildings
Transmission of disease
Interior design fora huge roost of (smelly) bats
Legal position (simplified)
Outside the breeding season
Insects in droppings
Speciesnumber of roosts
Summary – exclusion of bats
Summary – visit to householders who have discovered bats
Security alarm systems in buildings
Timber treatment, pest control
During breeding season
If bats are torpid
Fungicidescommon name
If bats are active
Outside breeding season
Fusible link shutters
Case study - window and lintel replacement
Case study - roof refurbishment
Case study – timber treatment and roof renovation
Excessive disturbance
Destruction, maintenance or change of use
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts112figure 11.1
Grade b sites without protection.
Grade 4 (many sites)
Grade 1 (fewer than 10 sites)
Railway tunnel enhancement
Cave construction
Manipulation of airflow and temperature
Reopening of blocked sites
Provision of additional roosting points
Chapter 11 conserving and creating bat roosts122figure 11.5
Figure 11.5 (continued)
Converting a pillbox for bats
Bat conservation code
Wildlife and countryside act 1981 &
Tree preservation orders
Maintaining roosts
Creating roosts
Case histories of bridge maintenance works
Examples of roost creation within bridges
Appendix 1140figure a1.1
Appendix 1142figure a1.1
Appendix 3 9
Grid reference.
Biological records centre single species card
Monitoring methods
Hibernation counts
Bat speciessc
Appendix 4150participation and experience required
A selected bibliography
A european bats – identification,
C children’s books
Appendix 5154d journals, magazines and newsletters
Bat research news
Useful names and addresses
The environment and heritage service
Department for environment, food and rural
Non governmental organisations
National association of mining history
The national trust
Subterranea britannica
Equipment suppliers
Pettersson elektronik ab
Bernies cafe and caving supplies
Watkins and doncaster
Holohil systems ltd
Titley electronics
Jacobi jayne & co
Mealwormslive foods direct ltd
Bat workers training syllabus
Circumstances requiring consultation
Licensinglicensable activities
Appendix 7164other licences
Bat biology and ecology
Basic ecology
Bat conservation
Persecution and intolerance
Presenting bats to the public
Safety underground
Appendix 7168training checklist
Model risk assessment for entry into disused mines (cont)
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures
Model risk assessment for initial entry into derelict and dilapidated buildings and structures (cont)
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces
Model risk assessment for entry into confined spaces (cont)
Health and safety at work etc act 1974
Health and safety legislation
The carriage of dangerous goods
References legislation
Appendix 9178for laboratory use only

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