5.8 DEAD BATS 57 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 References and further reading BAKER, AS. & CRAVEN, J.C. 2003. Checklist of the mites (Arachnida: Acari) associated with bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in the British Isles. Systematic & Applied Acarology Special Publications, 14, 1–20. CRIGHTON, E.G. & KRUTZSCH, PH. (eds. 2000. Reproductive Biology of Bats. Academic Press, London/San Diego. 510 pp. ISBN 0 12 195670 9. ENTWHISTLE, AC, RACEY, PA. & SPEAKMAN, S.A. 1998. The reproductive cycle and determination of sexual maturity in male brown long-eared bats Plecotus auritus. Journal of Zoology (London), 244, EVANS, GO, SHEALS, JG, & MACFARLANE, Di Terrestrial Acari of the British Isles. Vol. 1. Introduction and biology. British Museum (Natural History, London. 219 pp. HUTSON, AM. 1971. Ectoparasites of British bats. Mammal Review, 1, 143–150. HUTSON, AM. 1984. Keds, flat flies and bat flies, Diptera, Hippoboscidae and Nycteribiidae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Royal Entomological Society of London. KUNZ, T.H.(ed.). 1988. Ecological and Behavioural Methods for the Study of Bats. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington/London. 533 pp. LANZA, BI Parassiti dei Pipistrelli (Mammalia, Chiroptera) della Fauna Italiana. Monografie 30. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino. 318 pp. ISSN 1121 7545, ISBNB 88 86041 25 X. PERICART, J. 1972. Hémipteres Anthocoridae, Cimicidae, Microphysidae de l’Ouest- Paléarctique. Faune de l’Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 7. 402 pp. Masson et Cie. Paris. RACEY, PA. 1974. Ageing and assessment of reproductive status of pipistrelle bats Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Journal of Zoology (London), 173, 264–271. SMIT, F.G.A.M. 1957. Siphonaptera. Handbooks for the identification of British insects, 1(16). Royal Entomological Society of London. 94 pp. USINGER, R.L. 1966. Monograph of Cimicidae. Vol 7). 585 pp. Thomas Say Foundation WHITBY, J.E., JOHNSTONE, P, PARSONS, G., KING, AA. AND HUTSON, AM. 1996. Ten year survey of British bats for the existence of rabies. Veterinary Record, 139, 491–493.
Recognition of individual animals plays an important part in much ecological research in many taxonomic groups. Marking can provide information about persistence and faithfulness to roosts, population dynamics, social behaviour, feeding ecology and almost every facet of bat ecology. Several techniques are available, few of them perfect, and the method used will depend on the species, duration and aims of the project. All methods of marking affect the subject to a greater or lesser extent, and research that requires individual recognition should not be undertaken without a careful appraisal of the risks involved and the potential harm to the bats. All marking methods require a specific SNCO licence. A Home Office licence is also required for activities involving invasion of the tissue of the bat. Further guidelines on marking are in preparation through the Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats (Eurobats).